It's hard to look at an immaculate #Shelfie full of beautiful luxury skin care products and I do not think I need it all on my face right away . Or maybe you're someone who wants real skin care, but it's overwhelming to just put one foot into a Sephora. In any case, you are glad to know that experts make us a true, honest statement – good health skin care only needs a few key elements. In fact, for most of us, it's probably better to stick to the simpler end of things.
What steps should a skin care routine involve?
The basic steps of a skin care routine are a gentle  cleanser, moisturizer, and sunscreen Emily Newsom, MD, a dermatologist with a medical certificate at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, told SELF. Seriously, that's all you have to do. "I like to keep things pretty simple," she says. "It may not be very good for blogging, but it's fine." Indeed, there are very few situations in which people need a range of products, Temitayo Ogunleye, MD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Dermatology at the Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, explains to SELF that patients who are suffer from skin problems, often have to bring all their products to the office so they can tell them what is really necessary. "I go through and say, 'Stop using that, stop using that, and you can use those three. "
Even though there is no inherent problem using a ton of products if you like them and they are not. Not annoying," she says, "first you have to try these very simple things and then we'll see . "
You need a Detergent to wash off the dirt, make-up, and excess oil, dead skin cells, and environmental pollutants that naturally land on your face all day long. Moisturizer helps to ensure that the skin barrier works properly and your skin feels smooth and soft. And probably the most important element, sunscreen prevents skin cancer and cosmetic sun damage.
Morning wash with detergent and then rub with moisturizer and sunscreen (or combine with both) a moisturizer with a sun protection factor of SPF 30 or higher. At night, wash again with the detergent and apply moisturizer. Yes, you can use your SPF moisturizer at night if you want, Dr. Ogunleye. You may prefer something thicker at night, but there is no rule against taking SPF at bedtime.
It is therefore important to be aware of how your skin reacts to both immediately after taking the product and in the days that follow. Do you notice tightness, greasiness, redness or breakouts?
If it is on the oily side, you may need to provide less moisture or use a lighter formula. If it is dry, you may need to use a stronger moisturizer. If your skin is very dry or sensitive, you may need to wash your face with a cleanser only once a day in the evening, while rinsing in the morning with water or micellar water. However, if your skin is particularly greasy or you wear lots of make-up, you may need to clean more frequently or even twice at the end of the day.
If your skin is sensitive, you may notice a irritation (redness, itching, dandruff) that is a sign that you should retire and consult a dermatologist. You probably need to be careful in the future to avoid products with certain ingredients, such as. B. fragrances, irritant.
If something irritates your skin, stop using it! That may seem obvious, but Dr. Ogunleye says that this is one of the most common skincare mistakes she sees. It is known that some products cause slight irritation at the beginning of use. However, your daily cleansing, moisturizer or sunscreen should not cause any stinging, burning or other irritation.
however, must apply sunscreen every day. No exceptions. Here is how to find one you like to wear.
What if I want to do more?
You may be surprised how, after a few weeks of undergoing these basic steps, your other skin problems calm down. If this is not the case, your next steps will depend on the specific needs of your skin. Newsom.
If you have acne you may want a cleanser containing salicylic acid, a gentle chemical peel or occasional spot treatment with benzoyl peroxide. For wrinkles, fine lines or sun damage, you may first add a over-the-counter retinoid (and possibly a prescription later). And if you're interested in dealing with hyperpigmentation, brighteners like hydroquinone or vitamin C can do the trick. But make sure you only add one product at a time, Dr. Newsom, and give it takes at least two weeks before you add anything else. If you add several things at once and react to something bad, it is impossible to know which product was responsible without patch testing Ogunleye. However, if you see positive results, you do not know which product was responsible for the change.
It's also important not to add too many products that do the same thing. If you already have a retinoid or a peeling acid in your range, adding another may not be helpful and irritating.
Whatever you do, be patient. Apart from using too many products, Dr. Ogunleye, one of the biggest mistakes newcomers make, is to give up too easily. "Everyone thinks you apply your acne cream and your acne will be gone the next day," she says. As explained by SELF both over-the-counter and prescription treatments take weeks or months to make any noticeable change. So, says Dr. Ogunleye, it is important to adjust your expectations and to prepare to wait two to three months before discouraging and abstaining from new products.
When should you see a dermatologist?
When I try to gently find everyday products and can not land on one that works with your skin. It's time to talk to a dermatologist, says dr. Ogunleye. Alternatively, a dermatologist may help figure out the problem and possibly prescribe a stronger drug that may be more effective if you are trying to address a specific skin problem (such as acne or hyperpigmentation) and see no improvement.
] And if you find that your skin reacts badly to products and you are not sure why, be sure to talk to a dermatologist. They can help you identify the causes of this irritation and give you guidelines on how to avoid them in the future.
That means you'll probably have to make a few attempts to figure out what works for you. And ultimately, it depends on your individual skin needs and your personal preferences. The first step is to come out and try things out!