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World TB Day 2019: Tuberculosis beyond the lungs



  World TB Day 2019: Tuberculosis beyond the lungs

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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that can affect any organ in the human body but often affects the lungs of a human. March 24 is considered a World TB Day to raise awareness of the disease as it is one of the top 1

0 causes of death worldwide. The germs of tuberculosis can spread through air particles from person to person. The infected germs can spread through coughing, sneezing or tiny droplets containing TB germs. Lungs are the organs most commonly affected by TB, but in rare cases, other organs of the body may be affected. A person with a weak immune system is at a higher risk of contracting the disease.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

The symptoms of tuberculosis can be easily confused because they show very common symptoms. Some of the common symptoms of tuberculosis may be:

  • long-term cough
  • blood in cough
  • loss of appetite
  • fever
  • chills
  • night sweats
  • no pain weight loss
  • fatigue

Types of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is divided into two main parts.

Latent TB- There are no symptoms in this condition. The TB bacteria remain in the patient's body but are inactive. This type of TB is not contagious. However, this infection can become active at any time and should therefore be treated in good time.

Active TB- In this condition, the infection with TB is active, which can be transmitted. The patient also has symptoms of TB. Most cases of active tuberculosis are due to the reactivation of latent tuberculosis if left untreated.

Can tuberculosis affect other organs?

Tuberculosis affects the lungs in most cases, but also other organs. The symptoms vary depending on the affected organ. For example, if TB has affected bones, it can cause joint damage or back pain. When the TB infection infects the liver or kidney, a person may be unable to filter waste material, which may result in the presence of blood in the urine, and inappropriate ratios of various elements in the urine.

TB infection in the heart can disrupt the proper functioning of the heart and it could not pump blood as usual. Tuberculosis can also affect a person's brain.

There are also cases of tuberculosis in which the reproductive organs of a person become infected, resulting in infertility.

Also read: Facts about tuberculosis

Treatment of tuberculosis

The treatment of tuberculosis depends on various factors, including:

  • The affected organ
  • The type of TB active or latent
  • The immunity of the patient
  • Resistance to medication
  • Age and general health of the patient

The doctor gives the patient a combination of treatments. The patient should follow the doctor's instructions and not stop treatment unless the doctor advises.

Other articles on tuberculosis .

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Written by: Varsha Vats

Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial Staff March 24, 2019


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