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World Plastic Surgery Day 2019: Can plastic surgery improve the quality of life?



  World Plastic Surgery 2019: Can plastic surgery improve the quality of life?

Plastic surgery can be divided into two broad categories. Reconstructive surgery and aesthetic surgery. An easy way to remember would be that reconstructive surgery restores normal and cosmetic surgery normal.

World Plastic Surgery 2019: Unlike other specialist areas such as cardiothoracic surgery, neurosurgery and urology, plastic surgery is not tied to a specific organ system. Plastic surgeons operate from head to toe in all areas of the body. Although plastic surgeons operate under a variety of conditions, two of the main areas are aesthetic / cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery. It's no secret that in order to enjoy good-quality living, we should be healthy, a term that implies total physical and social well-being.

Today we live in a digital world. The world is well connected and digital we can reach everywhere in seconds. With the increasing use of social media, even small defects, blemishes, and aging appear under the microscope and are visible to our audience, which includes not only friends and family members, but also employers and others. In the field of aesthetic medicine and surgery, we often meet people who are worried about imperfections such as a barely visible nasal hump, a receding hairline, beginning wrinkles on the forehead or around the eyes, etc. Then there are others who do not care about a bald head, a big belly or signs of aging and so on. Among the persons who worry about their appearance, even a small imperfection is constantly dealing with their minds, leading to anxiety, worry and distraction from their appearance cast. These can be easily corrected and restore their health.

One of the most common diseases that plastic surgeons treat is enlargement of the male breast (gynecomastia). Young men who suffer from it can not wear tight-fitting shirts or T-shirts and are embarrassed to expose their breasts in gyms, changing rooms and swimming pools. Imagine a young woman with unusually heavy breasts or poor breast development or a middle-aged woman with flabby breasts. A person with sagging belly folds after multiple pregnancies or weight loss. All of these people have difficulty finding suitable clothing, suffer from pain due to weight loss, movement difficulties or physical activity, as well as multiple skin infections in wrinkles. These conditions can be easily treated by aesthetic plastic surgery, which improves their quality of life.

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The same applies to a young man with a lot of social gathering, but he has a declining hairline. A person who wants to be a model, actor, or cabin crew, with a nose bump or a broad nose or a sagging chin, spends a lot of time worrying about their obvious problems and can be easily helped by plastic surgery.

With age, signs of aging become apparent. These typically begin around the eyes, with dark circles or pits under the eyes, followed by crowfoot lines (smile lines) around the outer aspect of the eyes, droopy eyebrows, vertical and horizontal lines on the forehead, deepening of the nasolabial folds, downward twisting of the corners of the mouth, extra skin on the upper eyelids, bulging and additional skin on the lower eyelids, reduced malar protrusion, sagging cheeks, double chin and neck wrinkles. These are a source of extreme discomfort, especially for a social person, and can be treated by a plastic surgeon.

A person with jaw cancer whose jaw was removed by a surgeon could not move out of their residence unless it was simultaneously reconstructed through plastic surgery. Likewise, a woman whose chest was removed for cancer treatment would have to torment herself every day about the right choice of clothing if she were not reconstructed by a plastic surgeon. Accidents, attacks and burns are often responsible for damage or loss of function and lead to a limited lifestyle of the patient. Most of these can often be treated by reconstructive plastic surgery. One of the most common birth defects is a cleft lip where the patient has a cleft lip. Patients with this and most other birth defects can be helped by plastic surgery, resulting in a near-normal lifestyle.

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Plastic surgery uses sound surgical principles to reshape the tissue and adapt it to the individual needs of the individual. It is best described as a specialty dedicated to restoring or creating the best function of a body part with a superior aesthetic appearance. Plastic surgery is the only specialty that transcends boundaries of age, system, region or organ of the body. Plastic surgeons emphasize the importance of treating the patient, taking into account his physical and emotional well-being.

The design of nature is perfect, form and function go hand in hand. Form follows function. Plastic surgery is based on the philosophy and practice of repair, functionality and overall results after the operation, not just on the aesthetics.

Plastic surgery can be divided into two broad categories. Reconstructive surgery and aesthetic surgery. An easy way to remember would be that reconstructive surgery restores normal and cosmetic surgery normal.

Reconstructive surgery has a broad repertoire, from birth defects (such as cleft lip) to recovery from injury, to reconstruction of the excised part after cancer or to restore the body to burns. These are further subdivided into specialist areas – craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery and treatment of burns.

Aesthetic surgery is an attempt to improve tissues that have deteriorated due to age, wear, or gravity. Its subdivisions include – aesthetic facial surgery, body sculpting surgery, aesthetic gynecological surgery, etc. It restores the physical body and strengthens the mind. When correcting or improving an aspect of a person's body image that causes anxiety, depression, or embarrassment, facial plastic surgery can be a welcome enhancement to their confidence and quality of life.

(Contributed by Dr. Richie Gupta, Senior Physician and Director, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh)


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