On this World ORS Day, there are a few things that help ORS and ORS. Diarrheal diseases are widespread in infants and are among the leading causes of death among children in developing countries. Every year, about 1.2 million children die of dehydration due to diarrhea, 80% of them in the first two years of life. Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT), a simple and inexpensive treatment that is given at home with either a pack of oral rehydration salts (ORS) or a simple solution of sugar, salt and water at home, can account for about 90% of child deaths from diarrhea let dry out. UNICEF and its partners have helped to treat almost 80 percent of children in diarrhea in more than 45 countries.
The crucial breakthrough was the discovery of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) fact that it can stop the dehydration caused by the drainage of the child's body as a result of diarrhea infection. LOCATION helps save thousands of children every year, indicating significant progress in halving child mortality from diarrheal diseases. The simple method of using ORS or the solution of sugar, salt and water at home can prevent diarrhea from becoming the world's leading child killer.
Previously, treatment could only be performed by qualified nurses or doctors consuming intravenous nutrition in remote hospitals. With the discovery of ORT, treatment can be performed on the mother by giving her child the right mix of sugar, salt and water, or by using ORS packages. While diarrhea cases caused by dehydration have declined significantly, more work is needed globally. The & # 39; ORS / ORT packet & # 39; must be run by the government and NGOs to reach thousands of parents and children who need it.
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Diarrhea and Mode of Action of ORT
Diarrhea is the passage of watery stools. Body fluids and salts are quickly lost from the body. The child becomes dry (dehydrated) and this is very dangerous and can even lead to the death of the child in extreme conditions. Diarrhea is caused by bacteria or viruses that we carry because of impure water, dirty hands with meals, and rotten food. Children who are malnourished suffer much more, and diarrhea weakens children and increases malnutrition. However, it should be noted that there is always some degree of dehydration, and only the drainage of too much fluid from the body can lead to death.
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Diarrhea can be achieved by exclusive breastfeeding, improved weaning practices, use of restrooms, measles vaccination, hand washing (including baby), keeping clean Water and food, washing hands with soap before touching food and prevent sanitary disposal of stool.
Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) replaces essential body fluids and salts that a child loses in diarrheal attacks in critical amounts. The treatment consists of using ORS packages with water or using salt and sugar in one liter of clean drinking water given orally to the child.
How is ORT applied?
Molasses and other raw sugar forms can be used instead of white sugar, as they contain more potassium than white sugar. The alternative solutions include breastmilk, porridge (dilute mixtures of cooked cereal and water), carrot soup, green coconut water or water from a clean source that is boiled and chilled, rice water, fresh fruit juice and light tea. It is also possible to use the prepackaged formula Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS), which is available in a sachet to make one liter of solution. All this will lower the chances of dehydration and fluid loss in children.
(Contributed by Dr. Chetan Ginigeri, Specialist in Child and Adolescent Intensive Care Medicine, Aster CMI Hospital)
Read more about other diseases Written by: Tavishi Dogra
Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial Staff July 29, 2019