The 27th of July is celebrated as the World Day of Cervical Cancer. Do you know that day which causes of cancer in India are more common?
Recent studies by the NCBI have shown that head and neck are the most common cause of cancer in India. Head and neck cancers are cancers of the oral cavity
- voice box
- esophagus and
Among the head and neck cancers, oral cancers are finding the maximum incidence.
Also read: Here is the reason for the death of Sheila Dikshit!
Some of the major causes of oral cancer are tobacco chewing, smoking and alcohol consumption. The HPV virus is also responsible for tumors of the posterior oral cavity such as almond cancer. At the same time, the main symptoms of oral cancer are persistent
- white or red spots
- voice changes
- difficulty swallowing
longer than 2-3 weeks you should contact a head and neck specialist ,
Also read: Tuberculosis Cure: 100% TB treatment could save 30 lakh patients annually is seen, then cancer is confirmed with a test called biopsy. A biopsy is a test in which a very small part of the ulcer is taken for pathological examination. Cancer does not spread due to biopsies. If the cancer is confirmed, a spread of the disease is detected by a radiological examination such as
. In the early stages oral cancer is operated alone and has a very good prognosis. A large number of patients are at an advanced stage and, in addition to surgery, require radiotherapy and chemotherapy to cure cancer. Sometimes, chemotherapy is used to shrink the tumor so it can be used surgically.
At an advanced stage, patients also need good reconstruction to achieve better functional and cosmetic results. Most of these patients are able to eat, swallow and speak normally. When the disease spreads to other parts of the body, it is controlled by chemotherapy and, at times, by targeted therapy and immunotherapy.
[With inputs from, Dr. Sowrabh Arora, Associate Director, Surgical Oncology (Head And Neck Oncology), Max Institute Of Cancer Care, Vaishali And Patparganj, Delhi]
Read more Articles on Health News
Written by: Tavishi Dogra
Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial Team July 26, 2019