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What is the difference between CBD, THC, cannabis, marijuana and hemp?



  cbd-vs-thc-hemp-marijuana-cannabis.jpg Photo: Beate Sonnenberg / Getty Images

Cannabis is one of the most active new wellness trends that is gaining momentum. Once cannabis has been associated with bongs and hacksacks, cannabis has become mainstream, and of course for good reason – cannabis has been shown to help with epilepsy, schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, and more, while preclinical studies also demonstrate its effectiveness in preventing its spread prove of cancer.

Hands down, CBD is the most popular component of this herbal medicine. Why? Accessibility: Because CBD has no psychoactive component, it targets a range of enthusiasts, including those who are not trying to get too strong or have side effects on THC (more on what that is, below). The World Health Organization (World Health Organization), CBD has little to no adverse effects.

If you're a CBD or THC rookie (and those abbreviations totally fall off), do not worry: we have a primer. Here are the basics ̵

1; no bong required.

Cannabinoids (the compounds in cannabis plants)

Depending on the type of cannabinoid, it is either a chemical compound in a plant or a neurotransmitter in your body (part of the endocannabinoid system)

"A cannabis factory consists of over 100 components, "says Dr. med. Perry Solomon, anesthesiologist and chief physician of HelloMD. "The most important [components] people are talking about are the active cannabinoids in the plant known as phytocannabinoids, the other cannabinoids are endocannabinoids that exist in your body." Yes, you have a system in your body to interact with cannabis! "The phytocannabinoids you're used to are CBD and THC." Let's go to those!

CBD (abbreviation for "cannabidiol")

A compound (phytocannabinoid) found in cannabis plants.

Why are all so obsessed? In short, CBD is known to relieve anxiety and inflammation without putting you high on it. And it's not addictive like some prescription drugs for anxiety.

"People are looking for cannabis for medical purposes, but they do not want to have a high or psychoactive effect," says Dr. Solomon. He has mentioned that CBD can be more effective when used with THC (more on that later). But on its own it means good qualities. (Here is a complete list of proven health benefits of CBD.)

A few things to keep in mind: "CBD is not a painkiller," says Jordan Tishler, a cannabis specialist, Harvard-trained physician, and founder of InhaleMD. Elsewhere, there are several studies that find that CBD is effective in the treatment of neuropathic pain (both studies were conducted with cancer patients and CBD mitigated the pain associated with chemotherapy). However, more studies are needed to make a final statement.

The World Health Organization (WHO) lists several serious diseases and conditions that CBD may be able to treat. The WHO reported that CBD may treat Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, psychosis, anxiety, pain, depression, cancer, hypoxia-ischemia, nausea, IBD , inflammatory diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, infections, cardiovascular diseases and diabetic complications.

The CBD compound can be used in oils and tinctures for sublingual (under-tongue) delivery as well as in gums, candies and drinks. Consumption. Looking for quick relief? Evaporate the oil. Some patients find that topical CBD products can provide anti-inflammatory action against skin complaints (though there are no recent research findings or reports that document their success stories).

Given that CBD is such a newcomer, there are no recommendations how to use it: the dose varies by individual and disease, and doctors do not have a milligram-specific, universal dosing method for CBD as with traditional prescription drugs.

And although the WHO says so No significant side effects, CBD can potentially cause dry mouth or affect blood pressure. It is also contraindicated for certain chemotherapeutic agents. It is therefore important to talk to your doctor before adding medication, including natural herbal medicines. (See: Your natural dietary supplements may play through with your prescription drugs.)

THC (short for tetrahydrocannabinol)

A compound (phytocannabinoid) found in cannabis plants, THC treats a range of disorders and is exceptionally effective. And yes, that's the stuff that puts you at full speed.

"THC is well known and helps with pain relief, anxiety disorder, appetite stimulation, and insomnia," says Dr. Tishler. "However, we have learned that THC does not work alone, and many of these chemicals [compounds in marijuana] work together to achieve the desired results, which is referred to as the entourage effect."

For example, CBD, although helpful alone, works best with THC. Studies show that the synergy of the compounds found throughout the plant provides improved therapeutic effects when compared to use alone. While CBD is often used as an isolated extract, THC is more commonly used for therapy in its entire floral state (and not extracted).

"Start slowly and walk slowly" is the term you hear from many doctors comes to medical THC. Because it is the psychoactive substance, it can lead to euphoria, a high head and anxiety in some patients. "Everyone reacts differently to THC," says Dr. Solomon. "A tiny bit of THC for one patient leaves her feeling nothing, but another patient may have the same amount and a psychoactive response."

The laws are still changing, but currently THC is legal (regardless of how medical need) in 10 states. In 23 other states you can take THC with a doctor's prescription. (Here is a complete map of the cannabis rules of each state.)

Cannabis (the generic term for marijuana or hemp)

A family (genus, if you want to get technical knowledge) of plants that contain both marijuana plants and also includes hemp plants among others.

You often hear that a doctor uses the term cannabis instead of occasional terms like pot, weed, and so on. The use of the term cannabis may also create a softer barrier to entry for those who have been a bit worrisome when it comes to using marijuana or hemp as part of a wellness routine. Just know, if someone says cannabis, it could either refer to hemp or marijuana. Continue reading for the difference between these.

Marijuana (a high THC content cannabis plant)

Especially the cannabis Sativa species; typically has high levels of THC and moderate levels of CBD, depending on the load.

Stigmatized and banned for decades, marijuana gets a bad name thanks to the government's efforts to stop its use. The truth is that the only potentially "negative" effect of using medical marijuana is intoxication – but for some patients this is a bonus. (Remember, there are not enough long-term studies on marijuana to know if negative effects occur with prolonged use.) In some cases, the soothing effects of THC in marijuana can also relieve anxiety.

Smoking Marijuana can have negative effects, as with all types of smoking (this is in contrast to the consumption of marijuana via an edible form or tincture). The smoke itself "contains a similar range of harmful chemicals," which, according to the University of Washington, could lead to respiratory problems. (See: How Can Pot Affect Your Workout Performance?)

Side Note: CBD has been found in marijuana but they are not the same. If you are interested in using CBD alone, it can come from either a marijuana plant or a hemp plant (more on this than next).

If you want to use marijuana therapeutically, you benefit from the aforementioned entourage effect. Consult your doctor (or a doctor you are familiar with and know about cannabis) to determine the right combination for your needs.

Hemp (a high CBD grade of cannabis)

Hemp plants have a high CBD content and a low THC content (less than 0.3 percent); Much of the commercial CBDs on the market now come from hemp because it is easy to grow (while marijuana needs to be bred in controlled environments).

Despite the higher CBD ratio, hemp plants normally do not provide tons of extractable plants CBD, therefore many hemp plants are required to produce a CBD oil or tincture.

Remember: Hemp oil does not necessarily mean CBD oil. When shopping online, it's important to know the difference. It is even more important to know where the hemp was grown. Dr. Solomon points out that this is mandatory as CBD is currently not regulated by the FDA. If the hemp from which the CBD is derived has been grown overseas, you could endanger your body.

"Hemp is a bioaccumulator," he says. "Humans plant hemp to cleanse the soil because it absorbs everything the soil has in it – toxins, pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers – there's a lot of hemp that comes from overseas and it can not be [safe or clean] be grown. " Hemp cultivated in the US, especially from countries that produce both medicinal and recreational cannabis, is generally safer, with consumer reports setting stricter standards.

He recommends that when buying and using a hemp-derived product, making sure the product was "independently tested by a third-party lab" and "finding the COA Certificate of Analysis – on the company's website" that you consume a clean, safe product.

Some brands willingly provide the COA to make sure you get a safe (and effective) medicine from hemp or marijuana. Market leader is the Maserati of CBD, Charlotte's Web (CW) hemp. Their oils are expensive but powerful. They are known to be effective and clean. If a gummy type of vitamin is more, try the Not Pot CBD gums (part of the proceeds go to The Bail Project to mitigate the effects of criminalizing marijuana) or the acidic watermelons from AUR Body, which are an exact replica of sour spot watermelon – with CBD. If you prefer a drink, try the CBD all-fiber CBD sparkling water from Recess for a refreshment at La Croix-meets-CBD.


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