Toners and essences are often touted as secret weapons of the Skin Care World – silver bullets that allow you to directly target a specific skin problem that you want to address. And with the rise of K-beauty the idea that they are an integral part of a respectable regime is hard to ignore.
But depending on your skin type – and how much time you actually have. You want to focus on your skin care – toners and essences may not be as indispensable as they seem.
What do toners and essences actually do?
The terms "toner" and "essences" were used somewhat interchangeably in Western skin care, and although both should be used between cleansing and moisturizing they serve slightly different purposes.
Toners are a broad category of products and are usually the second step in a cleansing routine, which is generally applied to the skin with a cotton pad. They usually contain active substances such as acids or vitamins . "Their purpose would be to complete the cleansing of your skin and remove anything that remained after cleansing," Nicole Grenier MD, Deputy Chair of Clinical Operations at Brown University Dermatology, told SELF.
She says toners should "correct" the pH of the skin. At that time, it was more common for people to wash their faces with alkaline, often lye-based soaps that left some residue. Facial cleaners have not only become milder, but also leave less residue in their tracks. Therefore, toners are no longer marketed taking into account the pH of the skin (which you probably do not need to worry about about anyway).
Essences take on a similarly wide variety of forms and, like toners, can deliver various active ingredients to the skin. Essences can also act as a vehicle for other products to more easily penetrate the skin, says Adam Friedman professor and interim chair of the Department of Dermatology at George Washington University, SELF. Most essences are water-soluble, and if they were applied after cleansing, they would draw water into the uppermost skin layer and make it more permeable.
Dr. However, Grenier explains this outside of more complex areas. Korean beauty programs, essences are usually quite analogous to serums, which means you may not need to use serum in addition to any essence. "These product lines have somehow grown together in Western culture," she says. Against this background, an essence can be used as a stand-alone step or as a precursor to a serum in your routine.
Who would like to try a toner?
Dr. According to Grenier, she recommends her patients mainly toners that have to do with excess oil or acne. And those that contain alpha hydroxy acids (such as lactic acid or glycolic acid) or salicylic acid are particularly helpful under these conditions. However, this does not mean that toners are not approved for people without oily or acne-prone skin.
It is important to ensure that none of the active ingredients are included in the toner of choice could irritate your skin . Grenier, which could include the above-mentioned acids, strong fragrances or normal old alcohol. These harder ingredients can excessively dry out the skin, worsen conditions such as rosacea, and damage the skin barrier if used too often. And Dr. Grenier points out quickly Even some people who have oily skin can rid their skin of healthy, naturally occurring oils if they choose an alcohol-based toner. In some cases, this can lead to a vicious circle in which the skin produces more oil to make up for the drought.
Because of this risk of irritation, Dr. Friedman People with very dry or sensitive skin in front of skin may want to avoid toner together. If someone who does not have oily skin still wants to use a toner, he should try a more moisturizing option, or one that contains vitamin E, Dr. Grenier, since this ingredient is mild enough to apply to sensitive people skin. Alternatively, they could instead use a more moisturizing essence for a spin.
Who should taste essences?
In particular, people with dry skin could potentially benefit from the use of essences, as they tend to pull more water into the water may support additional moisturizing serums, Dr. says. Friedman. The key, he says, is to give these products a moisturizer that helps to seal off this hydration: "The essences draw the water in [to the skin] now you have to lock it there. "
As with toners, people with other skin types can try essences. And you do not necessarily have to have a serum as part of your routine. Even in today's skincare landscape, many essences and serums can serve the same purpose. According to Dr. Grenier might consider people with anti-aging concerns to use an essence that contains antioxidants instead of a serum.
Of course, you may want to use a multi-level routine that uses a toner. An Essence, and serum (in that order) are also available to you if you so desire. "It's therapeutic if you do more," admits Dr. Friedman. Both he and Dr. However, Grenier states that basic skin care is usually a simpler routine better.
Both are not essential.
While neither Dr. Grenier and dr. Friedman rejects toners and essences, they do not see them as a prerequisite for healthy skin. The only things that are essential for skin care are gentle cleansing, moisturizing and sunscreen. For the most part, the active ingredients in toners and serums are also included in other products that you may already be using (salicylic acid, for example, is often used in acne cleansing products). The addition of another product containing this ingredient may therefore be superfluous.
Dr. Grenier adds that too many products in a routine involve too many steps, which can be confusing. "[Some patients] apply so many products to their skin that they are not sure what works and what actually does more harm to their skin," she says.
In short, both of the experts we've talked to are lawyers for the simplest, The simplest skin care possible for your skin – whether it's a toner or an essence, is yours. As long as you look at the ingredients in these products, gradually incorporate them into your current routine and then use a decent moisturizer, it does not hurt to try them out.
Impairment or irritation, stop using it and talk to your dermatologist.