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Weightlifting helps reduce dangerous types of heart fat



  • Both strength training and endurance training resulted in a reduction in a certain type of fat surrounding the heart, but only lifting caused a drop in a second type of heart fat, a new study reported in JAMA Cardiology has been published. found.
  • Fat around the heart has been associated with heart disease and cardiac function problems.
  • Researchers believe that a training program that combines strength training and weight training is most beneficial to your heart.

    When people exercise, eat healthier and lose a few pounds. They may lose weight at the waist, but there is another way of reducing fat that is just as important: breaking down fat around the heart.

    Now, a new study published in JAMA Cardiology suggests that strength training is one of the best options.

    First, a brief review of the anatomy: You have two major types of the heart adipose tissue. The epicardial adipose tissue surrounds the heart muscle and the coronary arteries. The pericardial adipose tissue is located outside the epicardial tissue of the heart.

    Although they are cuddled together, each type of fabric has different properties. For example, the epicardial type shares the blood supply with the heart. The pericardium is perfused by other blood vessels.

    Due to direct contact with the heart and joint blood supply, epicardial adipose tissue has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Less is known about the risks of pericardial fat as it has no direct contact with the heart. However, experts believe it affects cardiovascular and cardiac function in a more indirect but probably still significant way.

    What we come back to the new study.

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    Researchers in Denmark conducted a randomized clinical trial of 50 people with abdominal obesity to find out whether both endurance and strength training could affect epicardial and pericardial adipose tissue.

    Participants were divided into three groups divided into: High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) three times a week, Strength / Resistance training three times a week or no exercise.The program lasted 12 weeks.

    Both exercise groups improved their VO2 maximum, while only resistance training G ruppe increased its strength. Those in the endurance and strength training groups also significantly reduced the epicardial adipose tissue by 32 percent and 24 percent, respectively.

    What is the pericardial fat? Endurance training had no impact, but the strength training did it in any case: The participants in this group saw a reduction in heart fat by 32 percent.

    Although the results seem exciting, according to lead author of the study, Regitse Højgaard Christensen, Ph.D. (c) from Copenhagen University Hospital, too early to translate the research into specific clinical guidelines.

    However, the study is interesting because it provides new evidence that different types of exercise can affect heart fat tissue in different ways, especially without diet change at the same time.

    The Reduction of Both types of heart fat observed during strength training but not during endurance exercise were a surprise, Christensen said.

    One explanation could be that strength training stimulates more muscle mass and increased metabolism, or the number of calories you need keeps your body at rest, she noted. And more muscle means more calorie consumption over a longer period of time after exercise. This may work as a kind of heart-fat burner that is set for boils.

    However, the best strategy would be to combine both to a certain extent on a consistent basis. On the one hand, endurance training showed a more significant increase in the reduction of epicardial fat, while resistance training reduced both types of fat

    "The message to take away is that people should be motivated to be proactive in any kind of exercise because of cardiac adipose tissue emerging cardiovascular risk factor, "said Christensen.


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