If you missed it this week, there were abortion rights and access to electoral rights in the 2018 midterm elections in three states. And the mixed results have worried experts about the future of abortion in America.
West Virginia and Alabama have both adopted amendments that, if implemented by the respective state governors, could have a profound impact on women's reproductive health and physical autonomy. Oregon, on the other hand, voted a law prohibiting the use of public funds for abortion.
These abortion draft laws largely and unequivocally state that the right to abortion and public funding exists Abortion is not protected by the laws of the state.
West Virginia's Amendment 1 which simply says, "Nothing in this Constitution assures or protects a right to abortion or requires the funding of abortion."  Alabama's Amendment 2 is similar, but goes one step further by enshrining the "right to live" of fetuses and unborn babies. It serves to "explain and otherwise confirm that it is the public policy of this state to recognize and support the sanctity of unborn life and the rights of unborn children, especially the right to life in all appropriate and legitimate ways and measures and provided that the constitution of that state does not protect the right to abortion or does not require the funding of abortion. "
Neither amendment actually constitutes an abortion restriction, but it forms the basis for this in the future.  They are best described as "triggering changes" that do indeed establish a legal framework for such restrictions, such as the very venerable Katherine Hancock Ragsdale, Interim President and CEO of the National Abortion Federation (NAF), says SELF. "At the moment they mean nothing, but they could have serious consequences for abortion in this country."
The clause in each amendment stating that abortion funding is not required means that the state government at any time (Ragsdale declares that after its signing a bill will be proposed, according to which people whose insurance is publicly funded, health insurance for abortion
The clause in both amendments states that the right to abortion is not protected and, on the other hand, there will only be teeth when the Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade Ragsdale explains As a current law of the country, Roe, which guarantees Americans the right to abortion, replaces the state laws, but in an overthrow, the problem of abortion is left to each state, which means that West Virginia or Alabama will be subject to demolition or total bans could theoretically even in case of rape, incest or if the life of the woman is at risk, as the changes in these cases do not provide for exceptions
Moreover, the rationale for the "right to life" in Amendment 2 in Alabama could have even more serious effects on women's health should Roe be overthrown. In essence, it could theoretically be used to justify a law governing reproductive rights in the name of the "sanctity of unborn life," says Ragsdale.
While this is all speculative at the moment, reproductive health experts and advocates are extremely concerned about the potential health effects on women.
"Amendment 1 gives politicians the right to deprive a woman of the right to abortion without exception." Dr. Anne Banfield, the young woman doctor, representative of the West Virginia section of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (WV ACOG), tells SELF in a statement on behalf of the section.
Abortion restrictions would force physicians to make the most medically sound decision for their patients. "[Amendment 1] could put doctors in an untenable position to deny the benefits required to women whose pregnancy is threatening their health," explains Dr. Banfield. "Doctors can not always predict the course of medical conditions or complications, or how quickly they can lead to mild health problems, serious injury, or even death." free of political interference in the relationship between patient and doctor. "
Doctors are also concerned about how laws that restrict and exploit abortion will hit disadvantaged women already facing barriers to treatment." We can not ignore that Amendment 1 in West Virginia and Amendment 2 in Alabama will unduly harm women in color and low-income women. "Dawn Laguens, executive vice president and chief brand officer of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA) and the Planned Parenthood Action Fund (PPAF), says in a statement SELF
There is also concern that women could use dangerous means of abortion to restrict safe and legal access should they be restricted or illegal, women resort to unsafe methods to stop unwanted pregnancies, including self-inflicted abdominal and body trauma, ingestion of hazardous chemicals, self-medication with a variety of medications and confidence in non-qualified abortion providers. " Banfield says.
The future of abortion in West Virginia and Alabama is currently unclear. But the fact that they join 19459004 so many other states with similar laws that could be used to restrict the legal status of abortion – along with the unresolved threats to do so the out White came to house – meaning that the debate over reproductive care for women is more than ever before.