A few years ago, my friends and I thought the amount of skin care would remind us to wash our faces at night. Now 10-step routines are applied, and on Instagram there are countless face masks and miracle drugs. So, what should we actually use ?
In an attempt to end some of the confusion – for myself and others – I talked to dermatologists to get their expert advice on the best ingredients for each skin type. Even though there are still mountains of products, at least now you know what ingredients to look for as you roam the wild world of skin care.
If you are looking for new cleansers, serums, moisturizers, or toners, here's the best way to give you a shot at the J.Lo-like skin of your dreams.
Acne prone and oily skin: salicylic acid
"Salicylic acid acts in the pores and dissolves constipation killing acne bacteria," says Dr. Jacqueline Schaffer, dermatologist and inventor of Schique Skincare. "The acid is antibacterial and contains the same anti-inflammatory ingredients as aspirin." By fighting the acne-causing germs and reducing inflammation through clogged pores, salicylic acid helps to cleanse the skin without adding shine or oil.
This is ideal for those who have acne and want to eliminate blackheads and whiteheads, "says Schaffer. Still, you can not drown yourself in this stuff if you see a pimple. "Do not forget to use in moderation as this can lead to mild stinging and irritation."
Oily Skin: Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA)
If acne is not a problem, but fatness is a problem, you should Beta choose hydroxy acid over salicylic acid. Schaffer calls it a "beauty weapon" that works on acne but is particularly good for reducing oil. This acid is a little tamer and is found in facial scrubs and moisturizers.
Dry, Sensitive Skin: Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA)
Always test new products carefully on sensitive skin. What works for a sensitive soul may not work for another. Nevertheless, Schaffer finds that alpha hydroxy acids are a big bet. "Glycolic, lactic, almond and citric acid are considered AHAs and are best for skin where breakouts are not a problem."
Acidic and sensitive skin may sound like strawberries and ranch dressing ̵
Dry Skin: Honey
Although you may use AHAs for dry but not necessarily sensitive skin, Schaffer recommends this pantry favorite. "The composition of honey is considered a humectant that attracts moisture and keeps it inside," says Schaffer. The Central Asian Journal of Global Health noted that honey also has potent antimicrobial properties and may affect the skin's immune system.
Combination Skin: Hyaluronic Acid
Find the perfect ingredient that will not leave your skin dry or clogged Your pores can be tough for people with combined skin. Dr. med. Arisa Ortiz recommends hyaluronic acid because it "hydrates the skin and smoothes the appearance of fine lines without it feeling greasy". This ingredient combats both greasiness and dryness, which sounds like serious skin voodoo. The ability of hyaluronic acid to act at both ends of the spectrum deserves rave reviews from dermatologists as a treatment for combined skin care.
Hydroquinone sounds like a forgotten Marvel character or a super-craft cocktail, but it helps with dark spots. "Hydroquinone reduces the volume of melanocytes that produce too much melanin that causes hyperpigmentation," says Schaffer. She warns that you should use this to "bleach your skin" or expect the hyperpigmentation to disappear. "The use of hydroquinone only prevents future pigmentation. So make sure you do not fall for bells and whistles. "
Spotty Skin: Tea Tree Oil
An uneven skin tone can occur at any time, so it always pops up when you're doing a great Instagram trip. To combat stains Schaffer recommends tea tree oil. "Sticking to soft ingredients like tea tree oil nourishes the skin for a smooth skin tone." You can use the essential oil alone or in a cleansing or moisturizer of your choice.
Aging Skin: Retinol
While we appreciate our unique beauty at any age, many of us prefer to downplay lines and wrinkles. And there are many products that promise that, but most are scientifically questionable at best. A study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science found that retinol is one of the best options.
The study found that 0.4 percent topical retinol had an anti-aging effect by improving homeostasis of the epidermis and dermis and proliferation of stimulated keratinocytes and endothelial cells as well as activating dermal fibroblasts. The study has shown that 0.4 percent topical retinol is a promising and safe treatment for the natural improvement of aged human skin.
Not least, everyone should use a toner.
"The purpose of a toner is to really cleanse the skin," Dr. Adarsh Vijay Mudgil, Medical Director of Mudgil Dermatology. "It's best used after cleaning with your usual facial cleanser, which sometimes leaves some impurities and dead skin cells."
I was very skeptical of this entire toner deal until my friend (who has an incredible skin and does not seem to have aged) over the past 14 years) said a good toner is their No. 1 recommendation , Since then, I use a toner every night and my super-dry skin seems to be a bit wetter and generally just feels good.
But you do not just have to trust me or my random friend – Mudgil – is also relentless about toner. He recommends the following toner ingredients for the most common skin types:
- Dry Skin: Opt for plasticizer-based toner. Look for essential oils or glycerin, but avoid alcohol.
- Oily Skin: Select toner based on toner. The clay helps to remove excess oil.
- Skin prone to acne: Toners with salicylic acid or glycolic acid work best.
Sensitive / eczema-prone skin: Aloe-based toners are soothing and non-irritating.
Of course, if you have another ingredient to which you swear, use it! Doctors know each other, but everyone reacts differently to skincare products. So stick with the things you love and try these ingredients if you want something new and recommended by doctors.