Nick Jonas was open about diabetes in the past  and he even founded the organization Beyond Type 1 in 2015 to educate people about the disease. This weekend, Jonas celebrated the 13th anniversary of his diagnosis and told the fans on Instagram a touching message.
"The picture on the left shows me a few weeks after my diagnosis," he wrote . I referred to a photo of him 13 years ago. "Hardly 100 pounds after taking so much weight off my blood sugar before going to the doctor to find out I was a diabetic Right Now I Am Now Happy and Healthy: Priority on my physical health, exercise and eat healthy and keeping my blood sugar in check I have full control of my everyday life with this disease and am very grateful to my family and relatives who helped I am on my way every step of the way Never let anything stop you, you To live the best life. "
As Jonas & # 39; s review shows, diabetes is a complex disease whose diagnosis is often not easy.
Type 1 Diabetes The type that Jonas has is a chronic condition in which the pan eas makes little or no insulin. Type 1 diabetes is much less common than Type 2 type (which affects the way the body processes blood sugar). Only about 5 percent of diabetics suffer from type 1 diabetes (CDC).
Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune reaction in which the body destroys the cells In the pancreas that makes insulin, you need a hormone to introduce glucose (sugar) into your cells to produce energy , explains the Mayo Clinic . This can take months or years to actually have symptoms. Although it is possible to be diagnosed in adulthood, most people are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in childhood or adolescence.
Your blood sugar level is incredibly important to many systems in your body. Thus, early symptoms of type 1 diabetes can occur in several ways.
For example, you feel thirstier and pee more often thanks to the effects of diabetes on the kidneys, Leigh Tracy, RD, LDN, a certified diabetes educator at the Endocrinology Center at Mercy Medical Center, tells SELF. "When the blood sugar level is high, the kidneys work harder to filter the blood and absorb the excess sugar in the bloodstream," she explains. "If the kidneys are unable to handle the excess amount of sugar in the blood, the sugar and fluid will be eliminated from the tissue with the urine." You get dehydrated, which makes you thirsty, she explains. But because you drink more, you piss even more.
Your body's inability to use this sugar as energy can lead to extreme hunger, fatigue, weakness, and unwanted weight loss (as in Jonah's case). Mark Schutta, MD, Medical Director of the Penn Rodebaugh Diabetes Center, told SELF. "If you do not use fuel (glucose), [it] accumulates in the bloodstream and you tend to lose weight," he says. Normally, however, this is not a gradual weight loss: Usually, someone is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes after losing 20 pounds in six to eight weeks. Schutta.
Some people also perceive blurred vision as an early symptom of type 1 diabetes. If your blood sugar level is high, fluid in the tissues in the macula (a small area in the middle of the retina) may leak out of your eyes – and this can lead to blurry vision, Colin A. McCannel, MD, a professor of Clinical Ophthalmology and Medical Director of the UCLA Stone Eye Center in Santa Monica, California, opposite SELF.
Because the symptoms of Type 1 diabetes can be vague and nonspecific, they can be easily written off. However, an untreated diabetes mellitus can lead to serious complications.
Untreated diabetes can lead to nerve damage, pain or numbness in the hands and feet, kidney disease, vision problems, heart disease and strokes, Sarah Rettinger, MD, an endocrinologist at the Providence Saint John's Health Center Santa Monica, tell the SELF. (But not everyone who suffers from diabetes develops these complications.)
And the first step in the treatment of diabetes is an accurate diagnosis that is usually performed using a simple blood test called the glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test measures the percentage of oxygen-carrying proteins in your red blood cells to which sugar is bound, says the Mayo Clinic . The less well your blood sugar level is controlled, the higher your A1C value, ie you have more hemoglobin with sugar than attachment.
If the A1C test is not available or if you have a condition that may cause it If you interfere with the results (eg, being pregnant), your doctor may recommend that you take a blood sugar test (your blood glucose level at a certain time) or to perform a blood sugar test that checks your blood sugar level after fasting overnight).
Because these tests are also widely used to diagnose type 2 diabetes, more tests are likely to be needed to screen for autoantibodies that commonly predict type 1 diabetes, as Dr. Zhang said. Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies. Your doctor may also give you a urine test to look for ketones (fat loss by-products) that can help differentiate between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
Every time you suffer from unsafe symptoms If you have something of your body, it is important that you contact your doctor. That way, you can get a diagnosis as soon as possible.