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The time before, during and after pregnancy may be emotional . And if you feel depressed, anxious, confused, whiny … the list – you're not alone: About 14 to 23 percent of women suffer from depression during pregnancy and 5 to 25 percent suffer from it – and 41 percent of women Those who already suffer from PPD will handle it again in later pregnancies – and this only applies to women who are actually being treated.
In some studies, postpartum depression (PPD), extreme feelings of sadness and anxiety that affect your ability to care for yourself or your family are affected by about 900,000 women a year, but only about 6 percent seek help.
A misunderstanding about what depression after birth really is could be the cause of the problem, says Samantha Meltzer-Brody, MD, director of the Perinatal Psychiatry Program at the University of North Carolina's Center for Women's Mood Disorders , "What we call" postpartum depression "is in many ways an inadequate term," she says.
The best new term for PPD is actually perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs), explains Catherine Birndorf. MD, Psychiatrist for Obstetrics and Gynecology at Weill Cornell Medicine and New York-Presbyterian, Co-Founder of the New York Maternity Center, and Author of the Upcoming Book What No One Leads You: A Guide to Your Feelings from Pregnancy to Maternity , "It involves much more time before and during pregnancy, as well as anxiety and depression." (Not pregnant, but still emotional, it could be one of those 1
How do you know if you're suffering? Think back first. Women with a history of depression or anxiety disorders are more likely to suffer from PPD and other PMADs – and about 50 percent of women with postpartum depression had symptoms during pregnancy . Birndorf.
That's all To say, you should keep an eye on those eight subtle signs that have changed your mood.
Symptoms and signs of postpartum depression and anxiety
1. It's been more than a few weeks and "the Blues" seems to have "gone bad". Approximately 80 percent of mothers experience what is known as "baby blues" – a term used to describe the feelings of concern, unhappiness and fatigue that many women experience after the birth of a child , That's 100 percent normal. "Almost everyone has the blues," says Dr. Birndorf. "You will be given hormonal post-delivery because you are going from this state of high estrogen and progesterone levels, where the highest levels are reached, to delivery and loss of the placenta and a lot of fluids, resulting in an abrupt shift in your body Body Leads – Your Hormones Lot. " And this fluctuation can put you in a state of hormonal flow – also known as blues. For example, you might be over-sensitive if you drop a hat or laugh and cry at the same time. (See also: Why are some women possibly more susceptible to postpartum depression?)
The main difference between this and a PMAD? The blues is a passing phase. Your hormones balance and women feel better in a few weeks, says dr. Birndorf. "Most people who get the blues do not get depression." If it's been a month and you're still out of control, to the point that it negatively affects your interest in things you once loved or hopelessly compromised on a consistent basis? You could be struggling with a PMAD, she says.
2. You can not sleep when the baby is sleeping. Birndorf always asks new moms if they can relax and sleep when the baby is being cared for or asleep. If the answer is no? You may be so worried that it affects your ability to sleep, she notes. "Some people are terrible at nap, but if your baby sleeps at night and you are too anxious or worried to fall asleep, this may be a sign of PPD," adds Dr. Meltzer-Brody added.
3. You feel that you can not enjoy your baby. It is normal to feel some anxiety and worry when bringing a new baby home. "It's new territory," says Dr. Meltzer-Brody. And that you do not get a full kick in the middle of the night, lack of sleep and a new crying roommate? Again completely normal. The important question you should ask: How stressful are your feelings for you? If anxiety or depression * always affects your ability to enjoy your baby, this is a signal that you should seek help. When feelings come and go? This is probably part of the reality of being a new mother. Birndorf stuck.
4. You feel overwhelmed. "Being a mother is the most fundamental change anyone can go through," says Dr. Birndorf. Your life changes forever, you have someone who is completely dependent on you, and while you are still your old self, you also become a brand new person. "There are such changes and losses that need to be navigated," she says. The difference between what is normal and what is not? It depends on how well you can work, she says. Postpartum depression may make you feel so overwhelmed that you can neither sleep nor eat and struggle every day to get through it.
5. You have the feeling that you are coming out of your skin or that you are not yourself. Can not lie down or sit still? Do you feel totally confused? Do you cry uncontrollably? Do not know yourself? Some women describe this as "activated," notes Dr. Meltzer-Brody. And it can be a sign of postpartum depression or another PMAD. (See also: 19 women summarize what postpartum depression means in a temporary punishment.)
6. Obsessive thoughts racing through the head. Even women who do not suffer from a full-blown PMAD may suffer from intrusive, disturbing thoughts about the child being harmed. Birndorf. "The brain and its physiology are in a hypervigilant protection mode," she says. But if thoughts get stuck in your head and you strive to get through the day normally – you do not want to go near windows because you're worried that the baby will get a sunburn, you had to hide all the knives in the house for you are so worried that the baby would be cut off when someone is cooking – their symptoms have probably crossed the line and are more likely to be a sign of postpartum depression or anxiety.
7. You are * seriously * irritable. Sadness and fear manifest themselves in different ways. "For many people, this is irritability," says Dr. Meltzer-Brody. "You feel like you have a very short fuse, everything and everyone gets on your nerves, and it does not take much when someone says something that makes you feel like you're catching." (See also: How did my diet change help me cope with fear?)
8. You feel that you and your baby are not bonding. Here's something you should be aware of: "You do not fall in love with your baby right away," says Dr. Birndorf. "People have all these expectations of what's going to happen, and if those things do not happen, they think something's wrong, but it's all an adaptation." This means that you occasionally ask yourself (19459004, what have I done? ) and even worry that your partner is more connected to the baby than you are with this baby. When the feelings in intensity or duration worsen, persist or increase? Could be PPD.
If you notice any of the above signs of postnatal depression, talk to your gynecologist or therapist for a conversation or antidepressants (some of which can also be used during pregnancy) that can both help relieve symptoms and symptoms Help to feel more like yourself. Websites like Postpartum Support International or Postpartum Progress can also provide helpful online resources.