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Suicide Prevention – Why you need to talk with friends about mental health

Understanding Why someone kills themselves is always complex, but even mental health experts were stunned when the CDC released their suicide data in June: 84 percent of men who die from suicide have no known mental illness , "People in general – and especially men – are trying to hide that they have a mental health problem," says David A. Jobes, director of the Suicide Prevention Lab at the Catholic University of America. That's part of the problem.

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The suicide rate of men is about three and a half times that of women – probably because men are less likely to seek help or talk to each other when in trouble and because they have more of a weapon than women and use a weapon in a suicide attempt. (Approximately 49 percent of suicide deaths in America are the result of using a firearm, and the risk of suicide is higher in homes where guns are not kept safe.)

In its most recent report, the CDC found that it was in 2012 and 2015 was male Suicide rates were highest in the construction and extraction sectors. However, suicide rates for men working in the arts, entertainment, sports and media sectors have also increased. Detecting vulnerable occupations can help public health officials develop resources for men.

"Knowing who is at greater risk for suicide can save lives through targeted prevention efforts," said Dr. Debra Houry, director of the CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, told NBC News .

But experts say there are other ways that suicide can be stopped.

"We need prevention strategies that are not just about not killing you by suicide, but about whether or not you can die, ," says Dr. Michael Anestis, associate professor of clinical Psychology at the University of Southern Mississippi: "Locking a gun in a safe does not make you any less suicidal – but you're less likely to die.

And while a person's suicide may seem surprising, there are usually signs.

  Man with head in his hands sitting on park bench

Getty Images Westend61

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"In honest consideration, most of us would retrospectively realize that our friend, who died by suicide, did not go well – that something was missing, "says Jobes. We have to look around and look each other better.

Use this guide (for example, right now) to care for a friend.

Ask the hard questions

      Be dull. If your buddy does not return from dismissal or separation or post messages, ask him how he is doing. When he says he feels terrible, you say – and that's hard – "It really has to be exhausting. How do you deal with it? Are you really on the ground? Are you thinking about killing yourself? "The question of whether he thinks about suicide does not increase the risk of killing himself, says Raymond P. Tucker, PhD, assistant professor of clinical psychology at Louisiana State University. It can actually help him to feel supported and connected.

      "Even if they do not think about suicide or lie to those thoughts, they know you're ready to listen, and they'll probably come back to you later."

      Offer Support [19659020] Ask what's up and why he thinks he feels the way he does. Do not rate the project "Sometimes the reason why someone might say he's suicidal may seem tiny to you – but it's the biggest thing in the world," Tucker says.

      Help: Beat up the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (800-273) -8255). "Crisis workers receive specialist training. They're used to talking about suicidal people, and they're good at it, "says Jobes. Or help him make an appointment with his doctor or find a psychologist. If he needs immediate help, offer him to drive him to the emergency room.

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      Text or call a few times a day and see how he does it Communicate how awful it would be to him to lose. "The conversation does not always have to be about suicide, but at least let them know you're there to help," Tucker says.

      Teach him to control his reaction

      Tell your friend he's like an ex-husband Suicidal thoughts can still crop up at the door, says suicide researcher Ursula Whiteside, Ph.D. The trick is how he reacts. "Go for a drink with this ex and you could end up in bed," she says. "Do not answer the ex – instead, cook a dinner or exercise – and you change your relationship with the thoughts. It is not the thoughts themselves that are dangerous. How to react "

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      Spot the Danger Signs

      Although depression is a major risk factor for suicide, it is not the only one, says Dr. med. Igor Galynker, director of the Galynker Suicide Research Laboratory at the Icahn School of Mount Sinai, who learns all this, may attempt to commit suicide 15 times more frequently than those who do not, he says.

      The signs that someone might need help include:

      • Feeling trapped or hopeless
      • Loss of thought control (as if he were in a negative loop of thinking that he can not flee)
      • Extreme Anxiety or rapid mood swings
      • Insomnia or agitation
      • Social withdrawal (avoidance of social outings that he would normally attend)

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        Help him reboot

        Did your friend support your pickup hockey league games? or cancel your weekly poker night? When someone is depressed, they may lose the motivation to do the things that make them happy, Anestis says. Behavior therapy says: Do it anyway – if your friend changes his behavior, his emotions will follow.

        Online Resources That Can Help

        Tec-Tec: This gamelike version of a psychological technique called evaluative conditioning challenges the user to connect words and images together. Find it in the Apple App Store or on Amazon.

        Virtual Hope Box: Sponsored by the Military Suicide Research Consortium, coping strategies such as relaxation, distraction, and positive thinking are used. Find it on the Apple App Store or on Google Play.

        NowMattersNow.org: The packed site of Ursula Whiteside contains survival stories and a YouTube channel that teaches skills to get people through difficult moments.

        Man Therapy: This award-winning campaign pervades the BS and the stigma of depression, divorce, fear and suicide in a humorous yet helpful manner. mantherapy.com

        Facebook: The site has recently enabled a feature that allows people to contact Crisis Text Line and the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline through Messenger.

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        The Future of Psychiatric Treatment

        Currently, antidepressants, lithium and an antipsychotic called clozapine may be prescribed to depressed and suicidal people. But they need time to work in. One drug, the party drug Ketamine, reduces the suicidal thoughts of depressed patients within a day (but with side effects) A new drug called rapastinel is currently undergoing Phase 3 clinical trials It is responsible for the neurotransmitter receptors in the brain for learning, memory and synaptic plasticity, but with minimal ketamine-like side effects, explains Professor Carolyn Rodriguez, a professor at Stanford University, who is studying the drug. "Rapastinel has the potential to be one to open a new path for quick treatments. "[19659052] For general information on mental health and finding treatment services in your area, call 1-800- the Counseling Center for Substance Abuse and Psychiatric Care. 662-HELP (4357).

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