- Smoking, high blood pressure, and obesity can lead to vascular damage
- These risk factors may also affect your brain Study  Do you know the full evaluation of the study
. There are several factors that contribute to vascular disease. Among the most important risk factors that increase the likelihood of vascular disease are high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, inactive lifestyle and much more. According to a recent study, these factors, which cause vascular disease, not only affect heart health but may also affect brain function. The research was published in the European Heart Journal.
What are vascular diseases?
Arteries and veins cover the human body responsible for transporting fluids from one organ to another. When the heart beats, it pumps blood into different parts of the body. In addition to blood, it also provides important nutrients and oxygen that the human body needs. This allows the various organs to receive the required food. The arteries and nerves are responsible for this blood transport. They transport blood and necessary fluids from the heart to the various parts of the body as well as from the various organs to the heart. Along with these are other body parts that help flush the waste material out of the body. This entire system is called a vascular system. Any type of disease that develops in this system leads to vascular disease.
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For research, brain imaging of 9,772 individuals between the ages of 44-79 years was studied. Researchers examined the relationship between brain structure and various risk factors, including smoking, hypertension, pulse pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio.
The study concluded that all vascular risk factors except high cholesterol are related to poor brain function.
"We found that those with the highest vascular risk had an average of about 18 milliliters, or nearly 3 percent, less volume of gray matter and one and a half times the damage to their white matter in connective tissue of the brain compared to humans 18 ml was slightly more than a large tablespoon or slightly less than a small rice-based toothpaste tube, "says the lead author.
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states. "We found that a higher vascular risk is associated with a poorer brain structure, even in adults who were otherwise healthy "The author added.
The researchers also suggest making lifestyle changes that can improve their vascular and general health – healthy eating, regular sports training and others.
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Written by: Varsha Vats
Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial Staff March 12, 2019