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Sinusitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention



 Sinusitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Quick Bites

  • Sinus infection causes inflammation in the nasal cavities
  • Know all the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment of a sinus infection

What are sinuses

The human skull is like a shell made of thin bones containing cavities. Some of these cavities are occupied by structures like the brain, eyes, ears, nose, while others are air-filled.

What is sinusitis

It is a condition in which the soft lining of the sinuses gets swollen and the tiny windows to the nose get blocked which leads to production and accumulation of fluid in the sinuses.

What causes sinusitis

Some common causes of sinusitis are common cold, allergies, nasal polyps (soft grapelike swelling of the lining of the sinuses), or a crooked nose bone blocking the nose.

Also read: Natural and Effective Remedies for Sinus Can Rely upon

Symptoms of a sinus infection

Sudden start-up of cold-like symptoms with a stuffy nose and pain

  • Acute sinusitis lasts 10 to 14 days with two or more symptoms and yellow-green or opaque nasal discharge
  • Sub-acute sinusitis lasts 4 to 8 weeks
  • Chronic sinusitis lasts for 8 weeks or longer with symptoms like swelling on the nose, pus in the nose and fever
  • Recurrent sinusitis is when several attacks occur within a year or symptoms lasting more than 12 months

Usual sy mptoms include

  • Nasal stuffiness
  • Facial pain / pressure, dull constant aching pain, worse when bending over or lying down on the side of the head
  • Nasal discharge, both in acute and chronic sinusitis, may be yellow or green in color and may contain blood or pus
  • Loss of smell
  • Cough / congestion
  • Fever
  • Bad breath
  • Fatigue
  • 19659004] Dental pain
  • Conditions of predisposition to sinusitis.
  • Conditions of predisposition to sinusitis

    • Recurrent colds or allergies with a stuffy nose
    • Polyps in the nose
    • Decreased immunity either from birth or
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • In cystic fibrosis
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Diagnosis.
    • Diagnosis.
    • Diagnosis

      The X-ray's mucus cultures and if required endoscopy are done in an eye-to-eye examination

      Also read: Curing Sinus with the Help of Ayurveda

      Treatment

      Medical treatment by antibiotics, antiallergics, painkillers, nasa l drops and sprays and if required steroids and immunoglobulins to boost immunity. The selection of medications and dosages will vary depending on the doctor's assessment of the case. Self-medication

      • Self-help
        • Avoiding anything known to cause allergies including foods, sprays, air fresheners and other strong-smelling compounds that irritate the nose
        • Steam inhalation
        • Drinking and drinking as much as possible
        • Drinking warm soups and fluids to help out the mucus
        • Walk for 15 minutes

          When it is indicated that

          If there is surgery in the air,

          sinuses or crooked nose bone or polyps are found on examination, endoscopic sinus surgery and septoplasty or a new technique called balloon sinuplasty are indicated.

          What happens if sinusitis is not treated?

          It may or may not be resolved

          Inputs by Dr Dillon Dsouza, Consultant ENT and Head and Neck surgeon, attached to Jaslok Hospital, Breach Candy Hospital and Desas Hospital.

          Written by: Onlymyhealth Staff Writer

          Source: Onlymyhealth editorial team Feb 14, 2019 [196909012]

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