Months after the birth of her daughter, Serena Williams revealed that she had to have an emergency C-section and shortly thereafter experienced a pulmonary embolism a potentially life-threatening condition a blood clot enters the lungs. And although Williams's daughter was born a year and a half ago, she's still worried about blood clots.
Williams wore compression stockings for the first-round match at the Australian Open, which, it seems, is for her health and for style. Williams told reporters at a press conference during the tournament, according to Reuters she was "definitely still worried" about blood clots and the possibility of developing a deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a clot that forms in one or more of the Deep veins in your body, usually in the legs.
"I had some problems and they are not finished yet. So it's just something I'll probably have to do for the rest of my career, as we'll see. But I'm always at the doctor, "Williams said. "It's very scary with DVT," she continued. "Many people have them. Especially for me it is incredibly frightening. I have been on the side of precaution, not against. "
A history of blood clots increases your risk of DVT in the future.
Deep vein thrombosis can be caused by anything that prevents your blood from circulating. The coagulation as it normally would, such as a vein injury, surgery, certain medications, and restricted movement, says the Mayo Clinic . Having a hereditary blood clotting disorder, being pregnant, taking hormonal birth control pills, being overweight or obese, smoking, and being over 60 years old also increases the risk.
DVT Early Detection It is more likely that you have one more, but it is difficult to estimate how often this happens. A recent study conducted by researchers at Ohio State University's Wexner Medical Center found that among 156 people with a DVT history, more than 10 percent had another DVT within the three-year study period.
If you already had DVT, the risk of another blood clot usually depends on the causes and the current risk factors, Dr. Ashley Vavra, assistant professor of vascular surgery at the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University SELBST. The extent of the clot at the time of initial diagnosis and the amount of scar tissue it leaves also help you develop a DVT again. For more information, please visit.
There are some ways to reduce the risk of a new blood clot.
Your doctor will probably ask you for a blood thinner right after your DVT and keep you informed. Jennifer Haythe, MD, co-director of the Cardiovascular Women's Health Center at Columbia University's Irving Medical Center and cardiologist at New York-Presbyterian, Columbia, tells SELF.
How long will you stay? It depends on your individual case, but it will probably take at least three months. Jack Jacoub, MD, hematologist and oncologist and medical director of the MemorialCare Cancer Institute at Fountain Valley's Orange Coast Medical Center, Califor nia, tells SELBST. However, if you have other strong risk factors for DVT, or if your team of physicians find it hard to figure out what caused the first DVT, your doctor may want to put you on a blood thinner for longer than your entire life, Dr Haurani says:
Certain Lifestyle changes, such as long walks and train rides, frequent breaks on long rides, and long periods of sitting can also help. Haythe. Wearing compression stockings, if you know that you can not run for a long time (like on a long flight), can also be beneficial, Dr. Vavra.
It is also important to know the signs of DVT and pulmonary embolism – especially the ones you have experienced the last time – and act quickly when you start to experience them, Dr. Jacoub. In DVT, this can include pain in your leg that feels like cramping or pain, red or discolored skin on your leg, and a feeling of heat in your leg. And for a pulmonary embolism, you may notice sudden shortness of breath, chest pain, drowsiness, rapid heart rate, and hemoptysis.
If you have had DVT before, it's important to discuss with your doctor what that means for your health now and in the future – and keep the conversation going. "All patients with previous DVT should have a regular check-up with a family doctor," says Vavra.