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Schizoaffective disorder | EVEN



Overview

Schizoaffective disorder is a mental disorder in which a person experiences a combination of schizophrenia symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions and symptoms of mood disorder such as depression or mania. The two types of schizoaffective disorders – both of which include some symptoms of schizophrenia – are:

  • Bipolar type of mania episodes and sometimes includes severe depression
  • Depressive type Episodes

The schizoaffective disorder may occur in anyone Sufferers have a clear history and is therefore not as well understood as other mental illnesses.

An untreated schizoaffective disorder can lead to problems at work, at school, and at school in social situations that cause loneliness and difficulty leaving work or attending school. People with schizoaffective disorders may need support and support in their daily work. The treatment can help alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life.

Symptoms

The symptoms of a schizoaffective disorder can vary from person to person. People with the condition experience psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions as well as symptoms of mood disorder – either bipolar type (mania and sometimes depression) or depressive type (depression).

The Course of Schizoaffective The disease usually has cycles of severe symptoms, followed by periods of improvement with less severe symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of schizoaffective disorder depend on type (bipolar or depressive type) and may include, among others:

  • Delusions – with false, firm belief, despite evidence to the contrary
  • Hallucinations, such as hearing voices or things see who are not there
  • Symptoms of depression, how to feel empty, sad or worthless
  • a sudden increase in energy with behavior that does not match the character
  • impairment of communication, eg. B. Only partially answering questions or answers that are completely independent of one another [1 9659018] Impaired professional, academic and social functioning
  • Problems with personal hygiene, including cleanliness and appearance

When you see a doctor

If you believe that someone you know has symptoms of schizoaffective disorder, please talk with person about your concerns. Although you can not force anyone to seek professional help, you can offer encouragement and support, and help find a qualified doctor or psychiatrist.

If your relative can not provide his or her own food, clothing, or housing, you may need to call 911 or other emergency workers to have your loved one assessed by a psychiatrist.

Suicidal thoughts or behavior

People with schizoaffective disorder may refer to suicide or suicide. If you have a loved one in danger of attempting suicide or attempting suicide, make sure someone is with you. Call emergency number 911 or your local emergency number immediately. If you can do this safely, take the person to the nearest hospital emergency room.

Causes

The exact cause of a schizoaffective disorder is unknown. A combination of factors can contribute to its evolution, such as genetics and variations in brain chemistry and structure.

Risk Factors

Factors that increase the risk of developing a schizoaffective disorder include:

  • A close blood relative has schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, or bipolar disorder
  • Stress-related events that trigger symptoms
  • Intake of mind-altering (psychoactive or psychotropic) medications

Complications

People with schizoaffective disorder have an increased risk of:

  • suicide, suicide attempts or suicidal thoughts
  • Social isolation
  • Family and interpersonal conflicts
  • Unemployment
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Problems with alcohol or other substance abuse
  • Poverty and poverty Homelessness

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of schizoaffective disorders excludes other mental disorders and concludes Symptoms are not related to substance use , Medication or illness. The diagnosis of a schizoaffective disorder may include, inter alia:

  • Physical Examination This may be done to rule out other problems that may lead to symptoms and to check for possible complications.
  • Tests and Screenings. ] This may include tests that help to rule out illnesses with similar symptoms, and to investigate alcohol and drugs. The physician may also request imaging studies, such as: B. an MRI or CT examination.
  • Psychiatric assessment. A doctor or psychiatrist examines the mental state by observing appearance and behavior, asking for thoughts, moods, delusions, hallucinations. Substance use and suicidal potential. This includes a discussion of the family and personality history.
  • Diagnostic criteria for schizoaffective disorders. Your doctor or psychiatrist may meet the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association.

Treatment

People with schizoaffective disorder generally respond best to a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and life skills training. The treatment varies depending on the type and severity of the symptoms and whether it is a depressive or bipolar disorder. In some cases, hospitalization may be required. Long-term treatment can help to deal with the symptoms.

Medications

In general, doctors prescribe medications to treat schizoaffective disorders to relieve psychotic symptoms, stabilize mood, and treat depression. These medications may include:

  • antipsychotics. The only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration specifically for the treatment of schizoaffective disorders is the antipsychotic paliperidone (Invega). However, physicians may prescribe other antipsychotics to cope with psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations.
  • Mood-stabilizing drugs. When the schizoaffective disorder is bipolar, mood stabilizers can help to compensate for the high mania and depression
  • antidepressants. When depression is the underlying mental disorder, antidepressants can help manage feelings of sadness, hopelessness or sleep and concentration disorders.

Psychotherapy

Besides medication also called psychotherapy talk therapy, can help. Psychotherapy may include:

  • Individual therapy. Psychotherapy can help to normalize thought patterns and reduce symptoms. Establishing a trusting relationship in therapy can help people with schizoaffective disorders better understand their condition and deal with symptoms. Effective sessions focus on plans, issues and relationships in practice.
  • Family or group therapy. Treatment may be more effective if people with schizoaffective disorders are able to discuss their real problems with others. Supportive group situations can also help reduce social isolation and provide a reality check during periods of psychosis.

Life skills training

Learning social and professional skills can help to reduce isolation and improve quality of life.

  • Training in social skills. This focuses on improving communication and social interactions as well as improving the ability to participate in daily activities. New skills and behaviors that are specific to attitudes such as at home or at work can be practiced.
  • Vocational rehabilitation and supported employment. This focuses on helping people with schizoaffective disorders to prepare, search, and maintain jobs.

Hospitalization

19659075] In times of crisis or severe symptoms, hospitalization may be required to ensure safety, proper nutrition, adequate sleep and basic personal care and cleanliness.

Electroconvulsive therapy

For adults with schizoaffective disease that are not responsive to response In psychotherapy or medication, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be considered.

Coping and Support

A schizoaffective disorder requires continuous treatment and support. People with schizoaffective disorders can benefit from the following benefits:

  • Learning about the disorder. Education about schizoaffective disorders can help the person comply with the treatment plan. Education can also help friends and family members understand the disorder better and be more compassionate.
  • Observe warnings. Identify things that can trigger symptoms or interfere with daily activities. Make a plan of what to do when the symptoms return. Consult a doctor or therapist if necessary to prevent worsening of the situation.
  • Joined a self-help group. Self-help groups can help build connections with others who face similar challenges. Self-help groups can help families and friends with coping.
  • Questions about assistance through social services. These services can help with affordable housing, transportation and daily activities.
    Also avoid drugs, tobacco and alcohol. Drugs, tobacco and alcohol can aggravate schizoaffective symptoms or interfere with medications. If necessary, treat yourself with substance problems.

Preparing for your appointment

If you think you have a schizoaffective disorder or that your relative has this, you take steps to prepare for the appointment of a family doctor or psychiatrist, such as a psychiatrist ,

If the appointment is for a relative or friend, offer to accompany him or her. When you get the information first-hand, you know what you see and how you can help your loved one.

What you can do

To prepare for the appointment, create a list of:

  • have noticed including those who appear unrelated to the reason for the appointment
  • ] Important personal information, including all major pressures or recent life changes
  • All medications, Vitamins, excessive – Counter medicines, herbal supplements and other supplements as well as doses
  • Questions to the doctor to make the most of your time

Some basic questions are:

  • What is? likely to cause the symptoms
  • Are there other possible causes?
  • How do you determine the diagnosis?
  • Is this condition likely to be temporary or long term?
  • What treatments do you recommend? are the alternatives to the primary approach that you propose? [19659108] What side effects do the prescribed medications have?
  • Are there brochures or other printed material I can have?
  • Which sites do you recommend?
  • Do not hesitate to ask others questions during the appointment.

What you can expect from your doctor

Your doctor will probably ask you some questions, such as:

  • What symptoms did you notice?
  • When did you start to notice symptoms? [19659116] Were the symptoms continuous or occasional?
  • Have you thought or tried suicide attempts?
  • How do you work in everyday life? Do you eat regularly, do you take a bath regularly, do you go to work, school or social activities?
  • Have other family members or friends expressed concern about their behavior?
  • Were you diagnosed with other diseases?
  • Has another person in your family diagnosed or treated a mental illness?
  • Be prepared to answer these questions, so you'll have time to discuss all the other issues that you want to focus on.

Release date: 2017-10-27


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