- Kidneys help shed waste off the body
- Through regular testing, you can check kidney health  Knowing what the various tests involved
Kidneys help clear out the waste material remove the body and maintain different levels in the human body. The proper function of the kidneys is very important. A minor disorder of kidney function can disrupt various levels in the body and lead to various serious complications. To make sure your kidneys are healthy, you need to do a kidney function test at least once a year. A kidney function test helps the doctor to identify any kidney problems that can affect the proper functioning of the kidneys.
What is a kidney function test?
The kidney function test is done to see if your kidneys are in place or not. The kidney function test performs two types of tests, including ACR (Albumin-Creatinine Ratio) and GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate). These tests are not so expensive and you can have your kidneys tested at least once a year.
ACR (albumin-creatinine ratio)
The person's urine is tested in the ACR test. ACR, d. H. albumin to creatinine ratio, verifies the presence of albumin in the urine. Albumin is a protein that is essential for the human body. This protein is produced by the liver, which should be present in your blood, not urine. So if albumin is found in the urine during the ACR test, it means that your kidneys are not functioning properly.
GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate)
The presence of creatinine in the blood is examined in the GFR test. Creatinine is a chemical waste in the blood that should be filtered by the kidneys and excreted in the urine. If the kidneys do not separate this element from the blood, they will not work properly. Blood creatinine levels can be determined with a GFR test that indicates the severity of the damage.
Also read: Ways to Keep Your Kidney Healthy
A kidney biopsy is performed in the last stage when doctors notice some serious symptoms. The renal biopsy test extracts a small tissue from the kidney, which is further tested. This helps to determine the exact cause and stage of the disease.
What You Should Consider Before Performing Renal Function
There are certain things you should consider a renal function test to get accurate and clear results. Some of these may be:
- The first urine in the morning is considered the best test for the investigation.
- You should not consume alcohol for at least 24 hours before the test.
- Sometimes the doctors also restrict the patient to eat something before the 10th -12 hours before the test. The patient is advised to consume only water.
If you have symptoms of kidney disease, you should see a doctor and get a check-up soon. Symptoms that may indicate kidney problems include:
- Blood in the urine
- Urinary frequency
- Painful urination
- High blood pressure
- Swelling in various parts of the body, especially in the hands and feet  Read more articles about kidney disease.
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Written by: Varsha Vats
Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial Staff March 13, 2019