Her skin can not speak, but she can still express displeasure. If you've ever had a red, itchy rash on your face after make-up, then you know it from experience. This worrying reaction is called contact dermatitis. It can seriously affect your relationship with cosmetics, especially if you are not sure which product is behind the skin rash on the face.
Here are a few things you should know about makeup contact dermatitis, including the causes, the most common symptoms, how to treat them, and tips on how to avoid them at all.
There are two types of contact dermatitis.
Not to be confused with atopic dermatitis (also known as eczema ), contact dermatitis is a red, itchy rash that can develop if a substance somehow exacerbates your skin, according to the Mayo Clinic .
Contact dermatitis can be either irritating or allergic. Irritant contact dermatitis occurs when you touch something that injures the top layer of skin. As the Mayo Clinic states, this is the more common type of contact dermatitis. If makeup contains an ingredient such as chemical exfoliant salicylic acid as is the case with many acne concealers and foundations, this can lead to irritant contact dermatitis if you use this ingredient, Tania Elliott Clinical Instructor, Irritating to Allergy and Immunology at the NYU School of Medicine, tells SELF.
However, make-up tends to lead to more allergic contact dermatitis than its irritating counterpart. Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by an allergic reaction to a specific ingredient, explains the Mayo Clinic . Symptoms occur when your immune system completely overreacts to a harmless substance. Fragrances and herbal ingredients can be big triggers for allergic contact dermatitis-related make-up, the experts explain. This has nothing to do with a gentle or hard product – it's just about whether a component of the product causes your immune system to react in any way.
With contact dermatitis symptoms, you know something is wrong.  Whether your make-up has caused irritant or allergic contact dermatitis, you may experience the following symptoms: Mayo Clinic :
- A red facial rash
- 19659015] Swelling
- Blisters from which fluid and crust can escape
These symptoms may vary according to the intensity of contact dermatitis Dr. med. Elliott wavering says maybe you experience just a little redness and tenderness, or in serious cases, you may be dealing with a crying rash that emits pus, feels warm or feels like rubbing your face with a cheese grater.
Contact dermatitis may be immediate or delayed.
Your skin often reacts within minutes to hours after being exposed to the offending substance, according to the Mayo Clinic . However, Elliott points out that it can sometimes take up to a week for contact dermatitis to develop, making it difficult to pinpoint the cause of the reaction.
Another complicating factor is that your skin may suddenly flicker in response to a product that you have long used. "Some people develop [contact dermatitis] after a single use. However, it is possible to use a product for years without any problem, but only at a later date [develop contact dermatitis]"says Kathryn Schwarzenberger, professor of dermatology at Oregon Health and Science University, to SELF.
There is no such thing as a scientific one Dr. Schwarzenberger explains why contact dermatitis can lead to multiple surface exposures, and if you think you have contact dermatitis, you might want to see a doctor.
Let's say you are pretty sure which product or ingredient it is responsible for your contact dermatitis.You can try cutting it out and see how it works, but if you have a serious case of make-contact dermatitis or are not sure what the reaction is A dermatologist or an allergist should be able to help that you have no contact dermatitis at all. "I saw patients come in who thought they had contact dermatitis, who really had rosacea or lupus or something," says Dr. Schwarzenberger.
To address your skin problem, your doctor may recommend a recommendation ] patch test . To do this, a physician samples frequently allergens to your skin, typically your back or arm, to find out which reactions cause a reaction, according to the Mayo Clinic . Your doctor will check the area after a few days as the symptoms of contact dermatitis may be delayed.
If your doctor suspects that your contact is a form of irritant contact dermatitis, you may be asked to bring a bag or a list of your recently used patients Ellen Gendler, MD, a clinical professor of dermatology at Langone Medical Center NYU and owner of Gendler Dermatology in New York City, reports SELF. If you look at the ingredients in comparison to your symptoms, your doctor can better estimate what brought you to the outbreak.
The treatment of contact dermatitis is fairly straightforward.
First, your doctor asks you to do a "make-up vacation." for a few weeks, Dr. Elliott. By avoiding cosmetics, your skin can recover without any further irritation or allergic reaction.
In the meantime, your doctor may introduce medications to speed healing, such as topical corticosteroids that can suppress inflammation, according to the Mayo Clinic . For mild contact dermatitis, it is best to make the skin as comfortable as possible and to wait for the rash to subside.
After a contact dermatitis, you can treat your skin soothing and moisturizing products and DIY treatments, Dr. says. Elliott. Try using cool compresses, calamine lotions or over-the-counter anti-itch creams with 1 percent hydrocortisone. The Mayo Clinic recommends. If you have a Holy Grail product that always soothes your skin, like coconut oil you can try this. Just ask your skin what they think before you apply something new to your face when it has already caused a tantrum.
You can try a few things to prevent make-up contact dermatitis.
Recommend the following:
- Steer is free of ingredients known to cause allergic reactions and irritation. Common allergens include ingredients such as fragrances, benzophenone UV filters (in many make-up products that contain sunscreens) and preservatives such as lanolin says Elliott.
The most common cosmetic irritants include ingredients such as alcohol, retinoids (a form of vitamin A that accelerates cell turnover) and other exfoliants such as salicylic acid. Dr. Elliott says. This type of ingredient is not irritating for everyone – some people can handle the skin well. However, if you have generally sensitive skin or if you have skin that tends to irritate due to conditions such as eczema it may be more likely that these types of ingredients will bother you face.
- Patch test for new make-up and new cosmetics. You may be ready for a new product, but taking the time to patch yourself can help prevent contact dermatitis. This may be a particularly good idea if you have a repeated history of this skin problem, says Sharon Jacob, MD, founder and CEO of the Dermatitis Academy and president of the American Contact Dermatitis Society, to SELF. 19659038] Apply cosmetics of potential interest twice a day for seven days to a site such as the sensitive skin where the forearm bends, Dr. Elliott. This can be helpful in determining how your skin reacts before you apply it to your face.
- Examine product ingredients thoroughly before buying anything new. Do not just believe labels that use slogans like "unscented", which can actually lead to it. Elliott says additional chemicals are used to mask the scent of raw materials. If you buy a product that is "not perfumed", you may still be susceptible to dermatitis. Instead, look for ingredients that are "fragrance-free". This means that no natural or masking fragrances are included, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
of terms such as "natural" and "hypoallergenic". Something can be said to be "natural" when using phytochemicals that often cause contact dermatitis. Elliott. As the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) explains, there is no requirement for cosmetic companies to use the term "natural" and not. And while "hypoallergenic" products tend to lack some more common allergens, that does not mean that one does not trigger a response to [DrJacobThe FDA also does not regulate this term, so it may mean that all cosmetics companies want to mean it. "Hypoallergenic … is an indication that the product is less likely to cause less allergic reactions than others," says Dr. Elliott. "[It] does not necessarily mean that the product is allergen-free."
It is best to familiarize yourself with the ingredients in your product, including those that do not play well with your skin. If you need help shutting everything out, it fits in well with your dermatologist's job description.