One of the common skin complaints in beauty forums, offices of dermatologists and text messages of my friends are big pores. But the truth is that everyone has pores on their faces – and they are almost always visible! The airbrush look that we assume is Instagram-ready means that "good, healthy skin" is usually a fiction of makeup and photo editing is normal and how to take action when needed.
Pores cause some incredibly important things for your skin.
"Pores are small openings in the skin that drain sweat and oil," says Melissa Piliang, MD, a dermatologist at Cleveland Clinic, tells SELF. "You really want the pores to drain well and drain them well."
There are different types of pores, but most pores on your face are the openings of your hair follicles, which is why small hair sticking out Mary L. Stevenson, a lecturer The Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology at NYU Langone Health, reports SELF.
Sebaceous glands under the skin excrete sebum (oil) through the pore. Dr. Stevenson says. Sebum is an important component of the outer layer of the skin, which helps to moisturize the skin and protect it from environmental influences. Your skin is working properly.
What are "normal" pores?
It's hard to explain what normal pores look like, as they can be different for each person. But in general, seeing your pores is not a bad thing. "You should be able to see where hair advertise," Dr. Stevenson.
You could be a little dark, Dr. And they are generally more noticeable in people with oily skin (19459004) (19459018). Stevenson, as part of the sebum can accumulate in the pore and expand it easily. Some people – especially people with naturally oily skin – may also notice that their pores look larger shortly before or during their period Piliang. The researchers believe that this has to do with that hormone levels change which could affect sebum production, but the association is not fully understood.
To see your pores, even if they look a bit bigger than you "This is not necessarily an issue and probably not an issue at all," Dr. Piliang. "We all have pores on our skin that are visible to some degree."
When should you really worry about your pores? Really, only if your pores have developed comedones – blackheads or whiteheads – is it a sign that you may need to pay some attention to your pores, Dr. Piliang.
This shape arises when a pore is clogged with dead skin cells, dirt. and sebum, you may need to apply some simple cleansing or exfoliating tactics to fix this. When the pore is open to the air, the mass inside it oxidizes, creating a blackhead. If the pores are covered with a layer of keratin, it looks white or fleshy and produces a white head (closed comedone).
But what if you still do not love your pores?
If you disturb the size of your pores, there are some simple measures that can make them less noticeable.
How conspicuous your pores are depends on genetic factors, your skin type, your age, and your skin care habits. While you can not make them smaller or disappear, certain types of products can help you control greasiness, acne, and signs of aging (such as photodamage and sagging skin) that may make them look bigger. And many of them may already be part of your normal skincare routine .
Chemical Peels : These ingredients – found in many cleansers, toners, serums and masks – can dissolve the bonds between dead skin cells, oil and other deposits in your pores. Over time, the "plug" will dissolve in a blocked pore and gradually narrow the pore and attract attention less, says dr. Piliang. On the other hand, when you perform extractions or remove the plug with a pore strip all at once, the pore remains "dilated", making it easy to become clogged again, she says.
Retinoids : Retinol, retinal, tretinoin and the like are all topical retinoids, which are forms of vitamin A. These can accelerate the cell turnover process of the skin. Stevenson, who also helps with acne signs of aging, like fine lines. If you solve both problems, your pores may become less visible.
Non-Comedogenic Products : If you find that your pores are becoming clogged frequently, you need to make sure that you only use skincare products and make-up products that are labeled as non-comedogenic, which should mean that they will not clog you Piliang. One caveat here: The term "non-comedogenic" is not strictly regulated by the FDA, and the way product comedogenicity is tested is not always easily transmitted to human skin, she explains. So there is no guarantee that your skin will not react (and break) differently. However, this label is still a good starting point for choosing your products.
Sunscreen : The use of sunscreens or daily moisturizers with a broad spectrum and at least SPF 30 contributes to the prevention of photoaging and UV exposure. Loss of collagen and elastin, which leads to flabby skin, says dr. Stevenson. This in turn prevents your pores from being perceived more clearly.
But you have to be patient. It can take between six and eight weeks for a difference to be felt when using these strategies. That's why dr. Piliang, before starting to take a picture of your skin, so you can track your progress. If you are frustrated with your visible pores or skin problems that can aggravate these (eg, acne), consult a dermatologist.