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Prevention of frostbite and hypothermia during the Arctic Blast



  fb-arctic-blast-2019_0.jpg [19659002] Photo: Scott Olson / Getty Images

The Midwest is freezing cold and is likely to get even worse: temperatures throughout the region are likely to rise thanks to a polar vortex National Weather Service this week feels like minus 50 "The Upper Midwest" through the Ohio Valley will experience many record lows and potentially life-threatening wind colds, according to NWS. So, a big part of the country is facing some tough conditions – the Chicagoers have declared it #Chiberia 2.0, and Minnesota has a minus 53 degrees minus windchill. If you do not decide to get together for the rest of the week, just read what you should know Stay on the safe side. (Associated: The best running shoes for winter weather)

Being in extreme conditions temperatures, even for minutes, can cause frostbite. Their skin, and sometimes its underlying tissue, literally freezes, causing permanent damage in some cases, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. The AAD recommends that you pack and stay hydrated, and if you have symptoms of frostbite ̵

1; redness, stinging or throbbing, followed by numbness – the head indoors. And when your skin turns gray, go straight to the emergency room.

Even more serious is hypothermia, a dangerously low body temperature. According to a CDC, it can affect a person's brain so that they can not clearly think and understand what's going on. If someone is shaking, confused, and / or has a blurred language, the CDC recommends measuring the temperature. If it is below 95 degrees, seek medical attention immediately.

Of course, your risk of frostbite and hypothermia is higher in colder conditions, so it's helpful to know where the line between cold and true danger is when you plan to move out. According to Robert Segal, MD, co-founder of Labfinder.com, it is a good rule of thumb if the temperature falls below 0 or if the wind force is below minus 17 degrees. When you exercise, you may experience asthma-like illness called exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. "When we inhale cold air, the air tubes in the lungs narrow," Dr. Segal. This can lead to coughing, wheezing, chest pain and shortness of breath, he says. Just because you exercise does not mean that you are protected from hypothermia. "Because the body produces heat during exercise, it's better to run than just run, but this is not recommended in bad weather," says Ehsan Ali, MD, of the Beverly Hills Concierge Doctor. (If you plan to walk in the winter, read our Cold Weather Guide.)

When taking a trip, take precautionary measures to protect yourself from cold air. Wear layers and make sure every part of your body is covered to capture body heat, Dr. Ali. (See how many layers you should wear in winter.) If you are not sure, wrap yourself in a burrito style and stay home.


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