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Nipah Virus: A New Zoonotic Challenge



  Nipah virus: a new zoonotic challenge

The Nipah virus (NiV) is a zoonotic virus (it is transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted via contaminated food or directly between humans. The virus can also cause severe diseases in animals such as pigs, which lead to serious consequences.

The occurrence of zoonoses or infectious diseases such as the Nipah virus infection (NiV) in Kerala is viewed as a critical test of readiness and awareness of the Indian health care system to cope with such challenges.

Nipah virus is a zoonotic disease that transmits infectious diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans. The Nipah virus (NiV) belongs to the family Paramyxoviridae and the new genus Henipavirus.

Fruit bats of the family Pteropodidae are the natural host of this virus. Following the consumption of the contagious date palm infected with fruit bats, deaths were reported in 2004. Other intermediate farmers are the pigs. It was first discovered in 1998 in Kampung Sungai Nipah Village, Malaysia, and therefore this virus is referred to as such.

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Nipah signs are similar to those of another influenza-like one:

  • Fever
  • Muscle pain
  • Breathing problems

In later stages

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  • Inflammation of the brain can also lead to disorientation
  • Encephalitis can also

Sometimes the asymptomatic infection can also be observed in a person who carries Nipah virus and has no symptoms.

Contamination with the Nipah virus is a newly occurring zoonosis, that is, a disease that is transmitted from animals to humans, as presented by the World Health Organization.

Currently, no defined vaccines are available for humans and animals. The treatment is limited to supportive measures, although some physicians and the World Health Organization believe that the drug ribavirin may be helpful for the treatment. A monoclonal antibody that attacks the viral G-glycoprotein has contributed to the elimination of disease, but has not been demonstrated to date.

India currently has no adequate strategy for these contagious challenges. All areas must be designated and regular monitoring of all zoonotic diseases should be carried out in order to maintain a healthy human atmosphere.

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Written by: Onlymyhealth Staff Writer

Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial July 12, 2019


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