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National Nutrition Week 2019: Is Enrichment of Foods Good for Your Health?



  National Nutrition Week 2019: Is fortification with food good for your health?

Have you noticed a "+ F" icon in any of the recently purchased foods? You can recognize it by staple foods such as milk, salt, rice, wheat flour and oil.

You could also have seen these + F logos with posters in the supermarkets. What is this symbol used for and how important is this for every consumer. Can I buy these products with this symbol in the packaging? Well, a commendable initiative has been launched in our country under the Sampoorna Poshan ̵

1; Swasth Jeevan plan by the Indian Food Safety Authority (FSSAI), along with Tata Trusts. Also just recently, just last month, the Karnataka Milk Federation (KMF) has launched its famous vitamin A and vitamin D enriched Nandini milk on the affluent urban populations of children and adults over the ages. India suffers from severe malnutrition, with 58.4% of children and 53% of women of childbearing age being anemic.

Read also: National Nutrition Week 2019: Essential Nutrients for Men and Their Health Benefits

The Trend If you do not eat monotonously, do not eat healthy foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables when you join a fad diet, Producing convenience foods that are loaded with sugar and salt but lacking fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals results in a lack of micronutrients. [19659007] Micronutrient deficiencies:

  • Anemia – iron deficiency, vitamin B 12.
  • Goiter – iodine deficiency.
  • Night blindness – lack of vitamin A.
  • Neural tube defect – deficiency of folic acid.
  • Osteoporosis deficiency of vitamin D.

Targeted enrichment is a cost-effective way worldwide to solve the problem of micronutrient deficiencies. Recently, the FSSAI has asked food manufacturers and companies to enrich milk, rice, wheat flour, salt and oil. These staple foods are chosen because they are widely consumed in the population and are an excellent and efficient way to simultaneously improve the nutritional status of a large part of the population.

  • It is a safe method when micronutrients are added to be well below the recommended daily allowance (RDA) for the Indian population. The RDAs are recommended by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) together with the National Institute of Nutrition.
  • Enrichment does not change people's eating habits, as the majority of the population uses milk, rice, oil, wheat flour. [19659009] Everyone uses salt, so it is recommended that they be doubly fortified with iron and iodine (to prevent anemia and goiter).
  • Above all, the taste, texture and aroma of the food are not changed.

Read also: National Nutrition Week 2019: Do We Understand the Food Labels

How is this done?

Milk is a rich source of protein, calcium and fat-soluble vitamins A and D. When milk fat is removed, the fat-soluble vitamins will be lost. The enrichment process thus ensures that premixes of these vitamins are re-added to the milk that is lost during processing. The same way vitamin supplements of various vitamins (see table) are added to the intended food to ensure that it is nutritious and fortified with vitamins and minerals.

Enrichment with food is a panacea for malnutrition and lack of micronutrients. So, look for the + F symbol that appears in a food when you collect a pack of salt, milk, oil, wheat flour, or rice

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