Since the onset of Mumbai rains, vector-borne diseases are steadily on the rise. Here's what you need to know about the nature of vector-borne diseases to make sure of this monsoon.
With 24 deaths recorded to date due to heavy rains in Mumbai, there are reports of increasing cases of vector-borne diseases, including malaria and leptospirosis and dengue in the city. The financial capital of India was immobile due to waterlogging and constant rainfall. Many felt it was a respite after the searing blow, but the sudden downpour left the unprepared city in ruins. Waterways and increasing cases of waterborne diseases are giving Mumbai residents great concern. According to the WHO, around 70 percent of vector-borne diseases are reported from sites with unhygienic environments caused by vectors such as sandflies, mosquitoes and ticks that transmit pathogens from one host to another. The Advisor, Dr. Rajesh Kumar Budhiraja of the Asian Institute of Medical Science Hospital said: "Vector-borne diseases are widespread in India. Community cleanliness is important to keep these diseases at bay.
Types of Diseases
- Malaria: Malaria is caused by a bite from a mosquito-infected mosquito. The only way to reduce the risk of malaria is to prevent mosquito bites.
- Chikungunya: This is a viral disease. Dr. Rajesh added, "Pain, fever, bleeding gums, headaches, muscle aches and nosebleeds are some of the symptoms of Chikungunya."
- Dengue fever: Dengue fever is caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. Joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, fever, fatigue and rash are some of the essential features of this disease.
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The other vector-borne diseases are yellow fever, babesiosis, tick-borne diseases, sandfly bites, etc. Malaria and other vectors cause illnesses also to anemia, low birth weight, poor growth and poor development. While all these diseases have no specific season, any sight of stagnant water can trigger an alarm for the reproduction of such vectors.
Children are mainly susceptible
Chief Internal Medicine Doctor, Dr. med. Chandan Kedawat from PSRI Hospital said, "Children are exposed to a diverse environment at school, so they are most likely to get infected while playing. Particular caution should be exercised during the changing seasons by using mosquito repellent. Because vaccines against vector-borne disease are not yet available, it is important to keep the environment clean and keep mosquitoes at bay.
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The following precautions should be taken to combat these conditions:
- Use mosquito repellent Stay free from mosquitoes at night ,
- Wear bright clothes.
Whenever we talk about vector-borne diseases, cleanliness in the community is the most important thing. The general practitioner, Dr. med. Satish Koul of Columbia Asia Hospital said: "Community cleanliness is the most important factor in controlling such diseases. Personal hygiene is also important.
Dr. Satish Koul added: "So far, there are no vectors-borne diseases vaccines, but research is ongoing. Recently, a malaria vaccine has been launched but is in the testing phase. The vaccines for such diseases should be available around 2015.
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Written by: Vani Malik
Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial Team 03.07.2019