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Cystic acne is the scary cousin of an average pimple. While most pimples appear on the surface of the skin, cystic acne forms below. And these suction cups cannot be popped like normal pimples (your derm would also disapprove of that).
Cystic acne often occurs due to dirt, oil or bacteria in the pores. Adolescents, women, people with oily skin and older adults with hormonal imbalances are usually particularly vulnerable.
Cystic acne is often large, white, or reddish and elevated.
According to the National Institutes of Health, about 80 percent of people between the ages of 1
Whether you're dealing with a cystic outbreak or preparing for the inevitable, here's the deal.
Cystic acne feels like volcanic crater came from the depths of hell just to annoy your face. In reality it happens when your pores clog up.
The sebaceous glands in your pores naturally excrete sebum, an oily substance that helps protect the skin and hair follicles. When sebum production increases due to hormonal changes and makeup, constipation can form. These clogged pores are the perfect environment for P. acne (the bacterium that can cause acne) to thrive.
Hormonal changes in adolescents are usually the most common cause of acne. But there are many other sebum-clogging culprits who are at work outside the years of teenage fear, including:
- hormonal changes due to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, contraception, hormone therapy, or stress
- of certain cosmetics Oil based, moisturizers and detergents
- certain medications and chemicals such as corticosteroids, lithium and phenytoin
- high levels of sweat or moisture
What does nutrition have to do with this?
PSA: Don don't think that your 2002 edition of Cosmo – foods like chocolate and greasy potato chips don't really contribute to acne. In fact, the notion that there is any connection between diet and acne is very controversial in the scientific and medical community.
However, some studies suggest that the following dietary changes may improve cystic acne:
Watch Out For High Blood Sugar Levels
Somewhere along the route someone has probably told you that fatty foods like burgers and fries are for Outbreaks are responsible. While this is not exactly the case, some medical experts suggest that a low glycemic diet could cleanse the skin.
Highly glycemic foods such as white bread, donuts, soda and your favorite cereals can cause spikes in blood sugar, leading to inflammation and increased sebum production.
In the meantime, charging low-glycemic, anti-inflammatory foods like fresh vegetables, certain fruits, oily fish, beans, and steel-cut oats can help keep blood sugar (and possibly acne) under control.
Consider reducing dairy
The connection between dairy and acne is still under debate. Since consuming dairy products can affect hormone levels, this can lead to sebum peaks that lead to acne.
A review of the studies in 2019 showed that there is a connection between milk consumption and acne. However, further investigations must be carried out to prove the cause. The same review found no association between cheese and yogurt consumption and acne, so your pizza or yoplait habit is probably not off the table.
Take a walk through the aisle with nutritional supplements.
These dietary supplements can also help keep Krakatoa away:  Vitamin D: In a 2016 study, participants with acne had clearer skin after taking vitamin D supplements for 8 weeks.
Persistent cystic acne can be annoying, not to mention pain (srsly – these suction cups can hurt ). If you think you have cystic acne, see a dermatologist as soon as possible. They can help you determine a cause and the best course of treatment that may involve medication.
Since over-the-counter treatments are usually not strong enough to treat cystic acne, your derm may recommend a prescription. Here are some general options you should know about:
Antibiotics are sometimes used to treat acne that covers much of the skin. They work by reducing inflammation and bacteria that can cause flare-ups. However, experts advise against taking antibiotics for a longer period of time, which is why they only offer a short-term solution.
Common oral antibiotics prescribed for acne include erythromycin, tetracycline, minocycline and doxycycline.
Other drugs – including blood thinners, diuretics and psoriasis, and diabetes drugs – can interfere with antibiotics. Always discuss all medications you are taking with your doctor. Some acne medications cannot be taken safely during pregnancy.
Possible side effects can be:
- stomach pain
- sensitivity to the sun
isotretinoin (also known as Accutane))
Isotretinoin is a super-strong prescription drug that you've probably heard of. According to a 2009 study, 85 percent of people clear their acne after taking this vitamin A derivative daily for 16 weeks.
But it is definitely not without controversy. There are some serious risks associated with the drug. Here are just a few possible effects:
- mood swings
- inflammatory bowel disease
- chronic headache or nosebleed
- dryness or inflammation of the skin
- blood in urine
- muscle and joint pain
isotretinoin can be negative other drugs interact, including steroids, seizure drugs, and tetracycline antibiotics. It should never be taken during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Topical retinoids, like isotretinoin, are obtained from vitamin A – although they are not as intense. These gels, creams, and lotions remove hair follicles that can cause acne.
A dermatologist can combine topical treatments with topical antibiotics to achieve better results.
Cystic acne is generally treated with the retinoids Differin, Avita, Avage, Retin-A or Tazorac. Side effects may include skin redness or peeling (which is usually temporary) and increased sensitivity to the sun.
People with eczema or other skin diseases should not apply topical retinoids to the affected areas. Retinoids can also interact negatively with some astringents, toners, and alpha hydroxy acids. Therefore, talk to your dermatologist about your skin care system before use.
While spironolactone (aldactone) is normally used to treat high blood pressure, it acts as an acne treatment by controlling high androgen levels that can contribute to acne. It usually only works in women with cystic acne on the lower face and jaw.
Side effects can be:
- breast tenderness
- menstrual disorders
- high potassium levels (hyperkalaemia)
Because an developing fetus can cause irregularities Never take spironolactone while you are pregnant or trying to conceive. People with kidney disease shouldn't take it either.
Lorde has reason to be annoyed at people who cheerfully suggest that she is just trying to "moisturize!" or "coconut oil!" If she has "acne for years and years and has used all drugs, tried all things".
Nobody is a saint when it comes to skin care, but you could consider these proven home remedies to help keep things under control:
- Perfect your cleansing program. Wash your face once or twice a day with a gentle cleanser that removes dirt and oil. Avoid scrubs or extreme scrubs that can make cystic acne worse.
- Steer clear of your face. Keeping your hands away from your face and acne can keep harmful bacteria at bay.
- Check your cosmetics twice. Oil-free and non-comedogenic cosmetics are less likely to clog your pores. So take stock of your makeup and moisturizer collection.
- Wash off before you pass out. Getting up to wash your face when you are in the middle of the Netflix show seconds before falling asleep is always a serious feat. But if you do, you will become the hero you deserve.
- Wash yourself after training. Sweat deposits can clog the pores. Always rinse them off after jumping off the treadmill.
- Don't sweat. Because stress can lead to acne, it can help your skin and peace of mind to get some R&R.
If these basic steps are not enough, talk to a dermatologist about your options.
Cystic acne is more scarring than other types of acne. However, if you avoid picking, poking or messing around with the cysts, you will reduce the risk.
It might be difficult to resist temptation – especially if you are a fan of Dr. Pimple popper are – but you have to try. This also lowers the risk of infection.
If you already have acne scars, some treatments can help reduce it. Try this only after your acne is under control:
- Cystic acne is characterized by large, inflamed cysts under the skin.
- Since it is the most severe type of acne, it often does not clear up without the help of a professional. Over-the-counter treatments won't usually make it.
- The connection between diet and acne is still under debate. Lowering blood sugar levels can fight inflammation that causes acne. Some supplements like zinc and fish oil may also be helpful.
- Staying healthy, coping with stress, and taking good care of your skin can help alleviate symptoms. (Besides, it can't hurt, can it?)
- Not. Touch. Your. Face! (It can make acne worse, increase the risk of infection, and contribute to scarring.)
- When it comes to cystic acne, your dermatologist is the only true expert. Always contact a professional.