Occupational therapy (OT) is a healthcare intervention that uses everyday exercises and activities. It helps people, especially children, with physical, cognitive, or sensory problems so that they can be independent.
Occupational therapy helps adults make social and emotional adjustments after illness or injury. For older adults, occupational therapists help them overcome physical challenges by teaching self-care skills. Is occupational therapy for adults still effective?
Here’s how OT can still be effective for adults:
With the right approach
When it comes to occupational therapy, the best approach is a combination of results-based theories and fun, personalized activities that have been shown to improve how life works, restore health, and increase people̵
A holistic approach that occupational therapists typically use is functional rehabilitation, which is described as the process of helping a client return to their previous level of functioning or daily activities.
With the right evaluation
With the help of an occupational therapist, adults can maximize their lives early on. However, for occupational therapy to be successful, proper assessment should be performed, e.g. B. the assessment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The previous level of function of the individual takes into account the abilities before an accident, illness or injury, which was determined through anamnesis and conversation.
Also, the client’s current skills and prognoses are taken into account to help the occupational therapist set rehabilitation goals. For this purpose, a functional assessment is carried out, which includes:
- Exact customer history.
- Review of medical records.
- Ask the customer about activities they think are important.
- Setting SMART goals (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, timely) as a guide for intervention and rehabilitation.
- Analysis of the client while performing daily living activities (ADL) such as motor control, balance and coordination, task orientation, planning skills, task order, level of fatigue during activities and safety awareness.
By identifying influencing factors
It is important to determine the influencing factors that can affect the level of functioning of adults who require occupational therapy. Adults, especially women, can be severely affected by various health tasks such as raising children, caring for others, health management and maintenance, communication management, and even spiritual and religious activities.
Experts agree that the role of occupational therapy is important for women’s health, including the following:
- Understand how work, leisure, education, social participation as well as rest and sleep interact with a woman’s functional level.
- Considering an individual’s environment in creating a holistic approach to a functional intervention that is customer-centric.
- Implementation of a bio-psychosocial approach that influences significant advances in customer function outcomes and overall quality of life. This is achieved through increased awareness of bio-psychosocial factors when creating a care plan. A biopsychosocial approach unifies the value of the intervention, taking into account physical, psychological and socio-cultural factors.
By making your home safer
Older adults benefit greatly from the services of an occupational therapist by ensuring a safer home, especially if they have recently moved. It can be difficult to figure out how to use a living space most efficiently. To do this, it is necessary to identify the right features and furniture that offer greater mobility, ease of use, convenience and security.
The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) explains how occupational therapy can help make your home safer, especially for older adults:
- Occupational therapists work with individuals, families, and other important people to find solutions to help you achieve your desired goals. An occupational therapist also provides recommendations for improving safety and function in the home environment.
- Occupational therapists are trained and experienced in basic home assessments, including certifications such as the Specialized Environmental Modification Certification (SCEM) under the supervision of the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA).
- An occupational therapist recommends changes to improve household safety by identifying devices, techniques, and furnishings that can be helpful in daily activities, such as: B. the ergonomic optimization of a desk to avoid arm pain. In order to meet the safety requirements of all family members, especially older adults, there must be collaboration between family members and a building contractor or contractor.
- Occupational therapy can help adults make important activities easier or more possible by working with clients after changing equipment or using specialized products for the first time.
Adults still find occupational therapy effective for many reasons. Recognizing the important factors that affect an adult’s level of functioning and overall health is critical to OT success.
With the right approach, occupational therapists can help people improve their quality of life by helping them use mobility devices, teaching them self-care skills, and helping them make their homes safer.