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How to Start Composting | EVEN

As someone who cooks constantly, leftover food remains my archenemy. Even if I try to use my things creatively – in things like carrot pesto or broccoli stick noodles – I still pass out more than I want to admit. Several years ago, I felt so guilty that all the very good organic material ended up in my bin, and I decided to take action. I joined the compost squad in my local community garden to make sure my leftovers did not get to a landfill.

I can not honestly say that I loved composting straight from the road ̵

1; it was foul-smelling and dirty and I had almost puked on more than one occasion. Instead of feeling guilty for the waste, I was proud to see my rags go through the cycle of life. Sure, they had not fed me, but now they could feed all the plants in my community garden and hopefully someday feed someone.

I know, I said that my experience with composting was a bit stinking and dirty in the beginning, but it does not have to be that way. Now that I am not a freshman, I have some tricks up my sleeves to keep things in order. Here you will find everything you need to know to start composting for the first time, tips from experts and what I've learned myself.

If you do not already know, composting is a process transforming leftover food into usable soil.

Microorganisms assemble organic material (such as leftover stems, fruit peel, and egg shells) to create a rich soil that provides many nutrients to all sorts of plants. By doing so, you can greatly reduce the amount of food waste you produce.

Before you start composting, you should familiarize yourself with the foods that you can and can not traditionally produce.

Generally, you should not add meat. Dairy products, bones or pet dung in your compost, as these waste can attract pests such as rats or insects, says Thania Avelar, training coordinator of [SouthCoastBotanicGarden in California. On the other hand, all the fruits and vegetables are a good match, and you can safely put any of them in your compost without worrying. Full eggs are no, but eggshells are fine because they are an excellent source of calcium for the compost. The same goes for shells like shells and mussels. You can add processed foods such as bread or rice, but only in small amounts, otherwise your waste will not decompose properly.

You also need to add dry carbon sources to your waste called brown shades. in the composting community.

If your compost gets too wet, it does not decompose so efficiently. If you only add fruits and vegetables, things will become slimy very quickly. That's why you need to add dry carbon sources throughout the process, also known as "brown". Browns include things like brown paper bags, newspapers, egg cartons, sheets and coffee grounds, and you should add about two handfuls for every handful of fruit and vegetable waste, says Rebecca Louie, creator of the blog Compostess and author of Compost City , However, you should avoid adding anything that is bleached (like paper towels) or waxy (like milk cartons).

Remember that composting can be as simple as adding leftover coffee grounds or vegetable salad to your house plants.

According to Louie, you can start composting completely, without creating a whole project. She says if you live in a flat with houseplants or herb boxes with windows, you can start by just burying your food leftovers inside. Or if you are a strong coffee drinker, sprinkle your remaining terrain over your plants. In this way she says "you strengthen the soil with organic materials" without you having to do a lot of work.

If you want to take it to the next level, there are some ways to do it

"A person who starts composting should set their goals," says Louie. Start small by burying your shreds in your home plants and window boxes, and work your way up from there.

Start by rating your room. You do not need an outdoor area to compost, but you have to buy something.

If this sounds like your situation, your first option is to look for a composting zone or community garden with a composting program like mine. Fortunately, Louie says there are often many compost drop-off programs in densely populated areas like cities where it's less likely that you have a backyard. ( Use this guide to find a pick-up or pick-up zone in your area). When you find out, you only need to use a small plastic bucket with a lid to collect your shreds. Make sure you add brown bread to your bucket and try to deliver the compost weekly. Compost needs air to decompose properly, and it can become slimy and stinky if left in a sealed container for too long.

Alternatively, you can store your compost bin in the freezer and your waste will begin to decompose. You bring it to your nearby discharge zone. Knowing that you'll be lazy when you drop him off may be the best way to ensure your home does not stink.

If you can not find any compost dump near you, consider bringing some worms with you to your home.

Although it may sound rather crude, Louie says investing in a worm composter was one of the best decisions she has made. The kind of worms they use are called red wigglers, and they say they can be safely brought inside because they do not move like the worms you would find in your yard. All you have to do is buy the worms (which you can buy here here ) and buy a home (which you can buy here here ) and the worms become composting take over for you The system is sold with instructions that guide you through the set up process so you really do not have to do a lot of work. Store your worms only at a temperature between 40 ° F and 80 ° F, as they can die at higher or lower temperatures.

If you have an outdoor space, you can do all the composting in your own garden.

The easiest way to make compost in your garden is to make a simple compost bin yourself. To do this you drill holes in the bottom of a large plastic container (this helps with compost ventilation). Then just set it up and coat the floor with a layer of brown (leaves are great in this situation). And finally, you can start adding messages! Make sure you mix the mixture every few days with a rake or a shovel. As a result, it can be aerated faster and decomposed faster.

If you do not want to make a container, you can buy it. ( This is highly recommended .).

Or, try a tumbler, a device that is said to take less time to fully compost your scrap pieces. Unlike other composting methods, you can compost everything in a tumbler because it is cut off from the outside world. This means that you can safely add things like meat, bone, pet excrement and other wastes that are normally disabled boundaries, without having to worry about pests. It's also a great option if you're not doing any physical work because you can turn them by hand, and you'll stir the scraps for you so you do not have to do it yourself with a shovel or a rake. You can buy a here .

Once you start composting, it can take anywhere from four weeks to six months (and possibly longer) for your food to be fully composted.

Composting can be both a very long process or a very short process, depending on several factors. The hotter the compost is and the more often it is stirred, the faster it will collapse. This means that it takes much longer in winter at longer temperatures. As long as you make sure you add the right amount of brown to the waste and stir the mix frequently, you will eventually have a nice, nutritious, home-made compost that can be used in all your plants.

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