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Two factors play a role in skin aging: extrinsic (external) forces, such as UV damage, and intrinsic causes dictated by our DNA.
We know that we can control sun damage (with sunscreens and other protection), but science discovers that we also have internal triggers – much more than we've realized. Yes, you can actually slow down skin aging. The food you eat, the supplements you take, the lifestyle you follow, and even a few things you put on your skin can shift your genes to interpret the information encoded in your DNA (or express) that aging is actually slowing down. (See also: 5 Legal Ways to Slow Down Your Body's Aging Process)
"It all depends on communication," says Shape Brain Trust member Ellen Marmur, MD, associate clinical professor of dermatology and genetics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. "You can influence the way in which your body induces the production of a protein or gene product by influencing the communication between these genes. For example, after an outdoor day, the body wonders: How much protein should I make to counteract the harmful UV exposure? We can influence the answer to this question. "These strategies do just that.
. Eat Skin-Friendly Food
The body's most potent accelerator of intrinsic aging is probably inflammation, says Nicholas Perricone, MD, a dermatologist in New York City. "But if your diet is fighting that very factor, you can counteract the damage."
The reason: By consuming anti-inflammatory foods, genes can focus on the processes for which they are programmed – such as collagen production – rather than exerting their full effect against inflammatory energy. To reduce inflammation and slow down skin aging, increase the intake of olive oil. fat fish like salmon and tuna; Fruits and vegetables such as strawberries, blueberries, spinach, watercress and kale; and nuts like almonds and walnuts – and avoid processed meats, fried foods and refined carbohydrates. (Of course, this does not take into account the individual sensitivities that can lead to inflammation, for example, if you have walnuts sensitive to your diet, eating the skin can make your skin worse, not better.)
Also, focus on antioxidants (vitamins C, E and A, resveratrol and CoQ10). Antioxidants can positively affect your genes as they fight free radicals that cause inflammation. There is no recommended daily allowance for skin-protecting antioxidants, though Marmur says, "Eating fruits and vegetables [five or more servings a day of] in a color spectrum ensures you get a variety." These nutrients are also found in nuts, fish, red wine, and flaxseed. (Related: Pioneering new beauty formulas for radiant skin)
Increased cortisol levels due to chronic stress can "damage collagen, aggravate acne and trigger inflammation," says Whitney Bowe, MD, a dermatologist in New York City and author of The Beauty of Dirty Skin , . Mixing chronic stress not only makes your life more comfortable, it also slows down skin aging. There are countless ways to reduce stress, including yoga, sleep, therapy, and even herbal adaptogens, which you can use topically or take orally. Dr. Bowe stirs something in her coffee. Adaptogen herbs come from plants such as ashwagandha, reishi mushrooms, rhodiola, ginseng, wild indigo, and holy basil, and they can be considered gene regulators as they help to reduce cortisol. Moon Juice Beauty Dust ($ 38, sephora.com) is consumable while Marmur Metamorphosis ($ 85- $ 495, marmurmetamorphosis.com) is a trio of topical serums. Another skin friendly nutrient is the ingestible collagen. "After the age of 30, we lose one to two percent of our collagen every year," says Dr. Bowe. Daily intake of collagen can replace what we lose. (See also: Should you add collagen to your diet?)
It could also promote and support the genes that activate or enhance collagen production. Test the collagen from Vital Proteins ($ 52, Amazon.com). "Collagen synthesis requires vitamin C. Accompany your collagen powder either orally or topically with a dose of vitamin C," says Dr. Bowe. Try Dermalogica BioLumin-C Serum (87 $, ulta.com).
. 3 Use creams that affect genes
New topical formulas can help communicate between your stem cells and keep gene activity stable. Augustinus Bader, Professor of Applied Stem Cell Biology and Cell Technology at the University of Leipzig, developed a hydrogel for burn victims that healed his wounds without skin grafts. As? Combustion interrupts communication between healthy skin stem cells and inhibits healing. Bader's patented gel rejoins these severed lines, allowing the body to repair itself.
And aging seems to be a bit like enduring a long, slow burn. It does not happen overnight, but Bader says "communication between stem cells breaks down over time," which simply eliminates genes that were once responsible for key processes such as collagen production. Bader has incorporated its hydrogel technology – a cocktail of peptides, lipids and amino acids – into an anti-aging cream that keeps your skin smoother, firmer and fuller. HydroPeptide Nimni Cream ($ 220, dermstore.com) aims to activate genes for collagen production. Augustinus Bader The Cream ($ 265, augustinusbader.com) contains peptides, lipids and amino acids to support the stem cells of our skin. Neova DNA Total Repair ($ 99, Amazon.com) uses enzymes to repair the skin itself. (Related: The Best Anti-Aging Tips for Better Skin)