As luxurious as it is to give moisturizer on your face only one wrong product is needed to steer things in the opposite direction. Instead of feeling that your face is covered in clouds, it is suddenly greasy or no longer hydrated.
True, it can be difficult to find the right moisturizer (and, incidentally, the moisturizer) – almost as difficult as chose a cleanser . But that does not mean it's an impossible task. And it's almost certainly worth the effort.
That's why dermatologists want you to know how to find the right moisturizer for your face.
First of all everyone has to donate moisture .  Your skin retains some moisture, but pretty much every one of us needs to use extra products to provide the skin with enough moisture.
"I Compare [moisturizing] Providing Mortar in Bricks" Temitayo A. Ogunleye Assistant Professor of Clinical Dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, tells SELF. "It seals the cracks between your skin and allows you to retain moisture longer."
If the skin's moisture barrier – the stratum corneum – does not work properly, it will allow the water to escape through a process. transepidermal water loss called (TEWL). In this case, you may notice dryness, flaking, and sensitivity. With sufficient hydration, your skin will be noticeably smoother and smoother as well as better protected from potential irritants.
And all sorts of things can contribute to water loss, including the climate, the other products you use and certain skin conditions (such as eczema). Therefore, the vast majority of us now and then have to help with a skin moisturizer. But the type of moisturizer you need and how often you use it depends on your skin type.
So, how do moisturizers work?
There are actually three different types of ingredients in a moisturizer that can increase the moisture level of your skin, SELF previously explained : Humectants (such as glycerin and hyaluronic acid) draw in water from the environment the skin. Emollients (ingredients like ceramides, fatty acids and some natural oils) penetrate between your skin cells – like the mortar between two stones in Dr. Ing. Ogunleyes analogy – to strengthen and soften the skin. And then occlusive agents (eg dimethicone, petrolatum and most natural oils) sit on the skin and prevent the existing moisture from escaping.
So it's not exactly the thickness of the product that determines the effectiveness for you – it's the ratio of these ingredients (often oils) to water in a product that does the trick.
But Dr. Ogunleye does not really talk about moisturizers with patients in these terms, she says. Instead, it focuses on the type of product: When you look at the spectrum of moisturizers – from lotions to creams to ointments – you'll find that the amount of water in each type gradually decreases.
Lotions tend to have the most water, while ointments have the most oils and lotions and creams are somewhere in the middle. The more water in a moisturizer, the easier it is to apply and the lighter and less greasy it feels. However, more occlusive moisturizers are usually more effective in improving skin hydration, as they better encapsulate them, Dr. Ogunleye. But they can also lead to outbreaks, especially in greasy or prone to acne skin.
So, if you find the right moisturizer, you need to find the right balance of these ingredients for your skin.
How To Find It A moisturizer for your skin type.
If you are not sure which type of skin you have, Dr. Ogunleye, that a few hours after taking a shower, you will notice how your bare skin feels. If it feels oily and greasy, you may feel in the oily camp, but if it feels tight and scaly, you are definitely on the drier side.
As you might have guessed, people with oily skin will not have the same routine as dry skin because their skin naturally produces more sebum (oil), which helps to keep the skin To supply moisture. Dr. Rather, Ogunleye says greasy skin types may not need to be hydrated so often – for some, a single day could be the absolute maximum. However, if you use products containing drying ingredients such as salicylic acid, you can avoid irritation or overdrying by regularly moisturizing the skin .
On the other hand, people with dry skin – those whose skin is still feels dry after using a gentle cleanser. You may need to moisturize twice a day. Dr. Ogunleye says you can use two different moisturizers, one for the morning and one for bedtime, if you want, but it's also okay to use the same moisturizer twice a day.
Even those with greasy skin should use a light sunscreen or moisturizer (19459004) containing at least 30 SPF (19459042). (19459004) Julie Mervak (19459043), assistant professor of dermatology at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, tells SELF. Regardless of the exact needs of your skin, Sunscreen should be one of them. In addition, your skin type can make the most decisions for you the next time you buy a moisturizer.
If you have oily skin:
People with oily skin should look for products that do not. Add more oil to your face and stick to products that are "oil-free" or "non-comedogenic" , As mentioned earlier, some people with this skin type may only need to use sunscreen.  For people with oily skin, Dr. Mervak Roc 5 in 1 Multi Correxion with SPF 30 $ 21, Cerave AM Moisturizing Facial Lotion with SPF 30 $ 13, Aveeno Positively Radiant Daily Moisturizer with SPF 30 19 USD or Skinceuticals Physical Fusion UV Defense with SPF 50 34 USD.
Dr. ] Simple Gel Moisturizers $ 12) tend to dry out more than lotions, creams and ointments, therefore greasy skin type is more likely to take advantage of it.
If you have dry skin:
or ointment rather than a lotion. This does not mean, however, that you have to apply Vaseline to your face every night.
Both Dr. Ogunleye as well Mervak recommend Vanicream and Cetaphil products as skin-friendly brands. Dr. Ogunleye says she may also recommend a moisturizer that contains ceramide (skin barrier lipids) for those with dry skin that help the skin retain some of that moisture for longer. (See La Roche Posay Moisturizer for Double Facial Repair for $ 20.)
For normal skin or combination skin:
Normal skin that is not too dry or too dry becomes greasy after cleansing, Do not need much more than a simple lotion. Mervak, such as CeraVe Ultra Light Moisturizing Lotion SPF 30 $ 18, or Cetaphil Daily Hydrating Lotion $ 16. This type of mid-road option is also suitable for people with combination skin who may have signs of dryness and greasiness. Something like a heavy cream or ointment (the kind of product you would take out of a glass rather than pumping it out of a bottle) is likely to be too greasy for those with those skin types.
If you have sensitive skin:
Your golden rule is to keep things as simple as possible and avoid products containing strong fragrances or other irritants . Mervak. She cites Cetaphil, Vanicream and CeraVe as great and soft brand options. Also note that moisturizers containing more water usually contain more preservatives to prevent the formation of bacteria than other types of moisturizers (which can be irritating to dry or sensitive skin types).
This also applies if you follow these guidelines. It may take a while for you to find a moisturizer that you love. "I do not feel that one size fits all," says Dr. Ogunleye. "Much is trial and error." You may need to try a few different products to get an idea of what your skin needs and what you personally like.
Thankfully, Dr. Mervak that this is the case Some of the common questions that dermatologists have – so you certainly will not be the first to ask for specific recommendations.
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