29 could be the year of the magic mushroom. In Colorado and Oregon, efforts are currently being made to popularize voters with psilocybin, the compound that makes magic mushrooms (19459003). Research has begun, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has registered their interest.
You can draw comparisons between growing support for psychedelic mushrooms and promoting marijuana for leisure. Both are considered by the federal government as very dangerous, although scientific research and anecdotes point out that there is something else. Both could have fascinating and potentially life-changing medical applications, and everyone's stigma is challenged. Proponents of psilocybin, however, recognize that it is a more complex and less understandable substance than cannabis. (And that's not to mention the risk of a painful journey.) Against this background, their efforts depend on decriminalization and regulated medical use rather than full legalization.
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Why is Psilocybin Illegal?
Psilocybin is a Schedule I drug. This means that the federal government has a high risk of abuse without any apparent medical benefit. It is 100 percent illegal and its possession is a criminal offense. (Marijuana is also Schedule 1, as are drugs such as heroin, ecstasy and quaaludes.)
Shrooms – as well as virtually every other drug, psychedelic or otherwise – have had a bad reputation since the hazy hippie days of the '60s. However, researchers at Johns Hopkins University made headlines last year when they advised the FDA to classify psilocybin as a Schedule IV drug, along with drugs such as Xanax and tramadol, which have a low risk of abuse. The researchers also said that psilocybin could have therapeutic benefits that we will not discover until more research is done.