Cardiovascular disease has become the number one killer in India, while most people are aware that chest pain is the most common symptom, but they do not know what the other symptoms are.
Dr. Nishith Chandra, Director of Interventional Cardiology, Fortis Heart Institute has described ways to prevent cardiovascular disease.
What is coronary heart disease?
Coronary heart disease is a very common heart disease. In this disease, the arteries of the heart that run on the surface of the heart are blocked. The main function of these arteries is to provide the heart muscle with blood. When the arteries are clogged, the heart muscles get less blood and the person experiences breathlessness, angina and the terminal stage is a heart attack. The main cause of the blockage is an elevated cholesterol level, which leads to plaque formation and poor blood flow to the heart muscle.
What are the risk factors of coronary heart disease?
There are several risk factors, some of which are modifiable while others are not modifiable. You can control the modifiable risk factors, but you have no control over the non-modifiable risk factors. Non-modifiable risk factors may include:
- Age: Men over 55 years and women over 60 years are more likely to develop the disease
- Gender: Men more likely to suffer from the disease than women
- Family history: When parents are younger Have had heart disease for years, the risk of heart disease is higher.
Modifiable risk factors may include smoking, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and sedentary lifestyle.
What are the most common symptoms of heart attack?
The most common symptom of a heart attack is a nagging chest pain on the left side or mid-chest associated with sweating, intense weakness, and the impending demise. But sometimes these symptoms are not visible and the person experiences other symptoms such as severe weakness and vomiting. A heart attack can show various symptoms. However, if you have any of the above risk factors, you should be very careful about these symptoms.
What should be the ideal blood pressure value for a healthy person?
The ideal blood pressure reading is 1
What does the blood pressure fluctuation indicate?
Blood pressure and heart rate fluctuate inevitably but are within a normal range. There is no static blood pressure area. The blood pressure varies according to the different situations, as a stress situation would lead to hypertension and while you sleep your blood pressure drops. All these parameters, however, have a normal range. Any variation below and above the normal range requires treatment.
Are the symptoms of heart attack different in men and women?
No, the symptoms are the same in men and women. The most common symptom is chest pain in men and women. For example, a person can walk a kilometer earlier without any worries, but after half a kilometer of pain, then this is a warning sign that should not be ignored. Shortness of breath when climbing stairs or after walking is also a warning sign. If the person has any of the risk factors, these warning signs should not be ignored.
When should a person address the doctor and as an individual, what medical help can be given to the patient before reaching the patient's hospital?
Every second counts for a heart attack, as a slight delay causes your heart muscle to become irreversibly damaged. As soon as you suspect a heart attack, you should first take an aspirin dissolved in water. It acts as a blood thinner because it has platelet inhibiting properties. You should seek the nearest heart hospital for a quick treatment.
Many younger people complain of heart disease, what can these teenagers do to reduce the risk?
To reduce the risk of heart disease, you should only adopt a healthy lifestyle as a child, such as playing outside, exercising regularly, or exercising regularly. You should stop smoking and drink. You should also keep a healthy weight.