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Although we know little about the causes of ulcerative colitis, you may already know how uncomfortable and painful a UC flare-up can be when you read this.
Because there is currently no cure for UC, avoiding symptoms such as bloody diarrhea, cramps, abdominal pain, rectal pain, fatigue, fever and urgency is a top priority. A diet could be a natural way to keep it at bay.
According to scientists, ulcerative colitis is the unfortunate result of genetics, the environment and possibly an overactive immune response in the gastrointestinal tract. An imbalance of intestinal bacteria has been implicated in certain types of inflammation.
Individuals with UC often find that some foods and drinks cause their symptoms, but others do not. It is a good idea to discuss your triggers with your doctor before starting a diet.
Here are some foods that doctors and the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation say that they are best to eat if you are not in a state of shock.
Although a high-fiber diet is recommended for many people and may help prevent Crohn's disease, studies show it does not have the same effect on UC. High fiber intake increases your bowel movement, which can be a trigger.
However, you still need to use your carbohydrates for energy. Go to oatmeal to prevent flare-ups.
. 2 Bananas, melons, blueberries, strawberries, oranges and grapes
These fruits provide vitamins and antioxidants to satisfy your sweet tooth. Also, you will not get gaseous during digestion (a UC trigger), unlike fruits with more fructose.
For a bit of decadence, you may want to try this cereal-free blueberry purse.
. 3 Colorful vegetables
IBD relapses can lead to malnutrition. When you are in remission, it is therefore important to eat nutrient-rich foods. Eating a variety of colors will ensure that you receive a variety of vitamins and minerals.
. 4 Skinless Chicken Breasts
While you want to avoid saturated fat and other suspected UC culprits, lean proteins like these staple foods are a must. Tofu and eggs are other nutritious options for lean protein. Need inspiration for a recipe? Try a calming chicken vegetable soup.
. 5 Salmon
Some studies were inconclusive on the effect of omega-3 supplements on UC, but a study in which participants ate salmon resulted in decreased inflammation in people with mild UC cases.
Try to eat salmon once or twice a week and, if your budget allows, choose wild salmon as it is generally considered a better product than farmed salmon. This recipe is gentle and delicious.
. 6 Olive oil and olives
The fruits and leaves of olive trees contain substances called biophenols, which are the most abundant antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables in the human diet.
Several animal studies have shown that biophenols are promising in the treatment of IBD as anti-inflammatory. This does not necessarily mean that this is true for humans, but olives are delicious and good for your heart.
. 7 Turmeric
Curcumin, a substance found in turmeric, is another anti-inflammatory that is touted for all types of disease. Some small studies have found that it can help to induce and maintain remissions in people with UC.
Cooked vegetables, scrambled eggs, smoothies, teas and much more can easily be refined with turmeric.
. 8 Yogurt
While you may want to avoid lactose in other dairy products, a 2006 study found that the active culture Lactobacillus GG contained in some yoghurts can help your gut, the microbiome to rebalance.
In this way, good gut bacteria can decompose your food without you becoming gaseous. Try to make your own yoghurt at home!
. 9 Kimchi and Sauerkraut
These are reliable sources of probiotics that aid in digestion / nutrient intake and support a healthy gut. You can easily toss these two into scrambled eggs or give them to tacos.
10th Prebiotic foods
If you are not close to flare-up, you can test the water with prebiotic foods such as raw Jerusalem artichokes, leeks, dandelion root and onions.
You can not easily digest these foods, but they nourish the good bacteria in your gut and promote microbiome balance.
Fair Warning: These foods are not a good choice if you follow a low FODMAP diet. Therefore, consult your doctor first.
Again, not all have the same triggers for their UC. You may want to keep a food journal to keep track of what yours are.
Many agree on the following points:
1. Red Meat
Scientists are not sure if the culprit is the fat content or the gases that are released when bacteria in your gut disintegrate meat, but red meat is a fairly common trigger food for UC.
. 2 Spicy foods
Capsaicin in hot peppers causes things in the gut to move faster, which can cause a flare-up.
. 3 Refined Sugar
According to a 2005 study, eating some desserts and other high-sugar foods may cause UC relapse in some people.
. 4 Soda and coffee
If the sugar in soda does not get you, the carbonation might be. As for the coffee, you may have noticed that it accelerates your trips to the toilet, which is a trigger for relapses.
Because UC can cause dehydration, you are much better off drinking water anyway.
. 5 Dairy products
Some people with UC are lactose intolerant, which makes milk, cream, ice cream and some lactose-containing cheeses harder to digest for their bodies. This leads to gases, convulsions and other UC symptoms.
. 6 Butter, mayonnaise and margarine
Saturated fats in such spices can get you out of remission.
. 7 Cruciferous vegetables
Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and other vegetables of the Brassica family contain a lot of sulfur, which a UC gut can hardly tolerate. A 2004 study found that reducing intake of these foods may make relapse less likely.
. 8 Sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol and xylitol
These are all sugars that are produced by eating certain fruits (such as apples, pears and peaches) and vegetables (such as cauliflower). They are also part of artificial sweeteners and thickeners.
When they reach your colon, they can produce painful gases and cause inflammation or flare-ups.
. 9 Alcohol
The sulphates in beer and wine and the sugar in all drinks can be triggers.
You may already have soothing favorite meals while you're flaring, but you can supplement your list with the following suggestions from experts at the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation:
- White Rice
- White Bread (19659061) Sourdough, potato rolls, gluten-free bread)
- Bananas, melons and cooked fruits
- Chicken or vegetable broth
- Lean proteins such as fish, tofu and chicken breast
- Lactose milk products
- Lactose-free protein shakes
If If you have a gastrointestinal problem like UC, you can not rely on restaurants and counters to get foods that meet your needs. Many restaurants use a lot of butter to taste the food so well.
Because of this, you may want to cook more at home – if possible with fresh foods and not with preservatives.
Some people with UC are of the opinion that eating four to six small meals instead of three big ones makes their guts more satisfied, which means you need to plan more dishes than ever before.
If you do not have any food preparation habits, take them up. This includes planning larger meals in a slow cooker or preparing basic foods such as baked chicken, starches or roasted vegetables that you can mix and match for the rest of the week.
If you're shopping for the coming week, you'll also get some of the staples you'll need when flaring. In this way you can skip in bad weather to go to the store.
So much research needs to be done to find the ideal combination of foods that keeps IBD in remission. However, you can work with a gastroenterologist or a physician registered nutritionist to find what works for you.
This may require much trial and error, so be patient.
Some of the diets recommended by experts are:
The removal of wheat, rye and barley is only required if you have gluten intolerance. This should definitely be discussed with a doctor, as giving up these foods without proper guidance can be an equally big problem.
For more information, see an issue of The Anti-Inflammatory Kitchen Cookbook.
Low FODMAP Diet
This diet was originally developed to treat irritable bowel syndrome, but has also helped many people deal with Crohn's and UC's.
To comply with this, you must consult this long list of foods whose FODMAP content is either high or low (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols). When FODMAPs collapse in your intestines, they can cause painful flatulence.
Would you like to know more? Buy after Kate Scarlata's book "The Low-FODMAP Diet Step by Step".
Low Sodium Diet
Studies in mice have shown that dietary salt may be a factor in IBD, so diet low in sodium could be beneficial for some people.
However, you do not want your food to taste like cardboard, so you suggest a book like "The Simple Plan for a Low-Sodium Diet and a Cookbook."
Low-fiber diet / Low-residue diet
We'll get straight to the point: fiber-rich foods make you more shit. Doctors and researchers therefore recommend reducing them during a flare-up.
The Low Residue Diet Cookbook can help prevent this term from becoming an excuse for junk food. You can buy it here.
Specific Carbohydrate Diet
This proprietary diet is designed to help people treat IBD and other diseases. It's about limiting certain refined carbohydrates and eliminating some vegetables and grains.
Healthy Heart Food
A particularly appetizing option should be to consider a Mediterranean diet that causes low levels of saturated fat and fat in vegetables, lean proteins and good fats that can relieve inflammation.
Buy "The 30-Minute Mediterranean Diet Cookbook" to facilitate the transition.
Lactose Free Nutrition
If lactose is one of your triggers, it's time to drop off milk and ice cream. Alisa Fleming's "Eat Dairy Free" is a great source for this change. Get it here.
High Calorie Diet
If UC relapses have robbed you of your diet, you might want to get them back. Be sure to consult a doctor or nutritionist to do this safely.
Ohio State University's Wexner Medical Center is a helpful guide to a high-calorie, high-protein diet.
The triggers and safe foods are different for everyone and it may not be immediately obvious what yours are. To make sure, you can first talk to a doctor and keep a daily diet diary or use an app like the GI Buddy.
When you write down everything you eat (including sauces and spices, if possible) and when you eat it, you can look back on it in the flare-up.
Be sure to document your symptoms as they occur. Connect the dots and – Eureka! – You found a trigger.
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