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Fentanyl now officially causes the most overdose deaths in the US



Fentanyl is a potent synthetic opioid drug that is frequently involved in overdose deaths . According to a recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report, it is now at the top of the charts: in 2016, fentanyl was responsible for 28.8% of overdose deaths, compared to only 4% in 2011. [19659002ForCDCReportwhich was published last week researchers examined the mortality data for 2011 through 2016 from the National Vital Statistics System.

These data were then compared with the text of the actual death certificates in each case a specific cause of death and receive some contextual information to determine which drug is concerned.

Their results showed that the drugs most commonly involved in these deaths acted as mechanisms over time as the opioid crisis shifted, and fentanyl became more and more of an issue.

For example, oxycodone, cocaine and heroin accounted for most overdose deaths in 201

1 (13.5, 12.3 and 11 percent of deathes, respectively). This year, Fentanyl was the tenth most common drug and was only mentioned in 4 percent of deaths. From 2012 to 2015, heroin was typically responsible for deaths from overdose associated with an ever-increasing percentage of these deaths (from 14.8 percent in 2012 to 25.4 percent in 2015). Finally, Fentanyl 2016, the most recent year for which data are available, contributed 28.8 percent of deaths, followed by heroin (25.1) and cocaine (17.8).

These results compare to another useful] recently published CDC report which found that the number of overdose deaths in the US increased rapidly between 1999 and 2017. The number of overdose deaths with synthetic opioids other than methadone, which includes fentanyl and similar potent opioids, increased only 45 percent between 2016 and 2017 (from 6.2 per 100,000 overdose deaths to 9).

Fentanyl has important applications in medical facilities, SELF previously stated . However, when used inadvertently and illegally, the consequences can be fatal.

Because fentanyl is so much stronger than heroin, it may have the same effect on smaller amounts . So, if a drug user unintentionally uses heroin that has been cut with fentanyl, it is likely to have a greater impact than expected. At the extreme, this also means that they are receiving an overdose with a lower dose than they would need for heroin.

But it is important to know that in many cases of opioid overdoses is used in this report and elsewhere more than one drug is used. In addition to opioids and stimulants (such as cocaine), benzodiazepines (such as alprazolam, diazepam, and clonazepam) were the most frequent deaths that were involved in deaths in those years. These medications are commonly prescribed for the treatment of anxiety. The two types of drugs produce some similar effects – sedation and slowed breathing – and their effects can be increased in combination SELF previously explained .

Although it may be tempting to demonize a single drug, the truth is more complicated – and underlines the fact that the first steps to reduce US overdose mortality rates are likely to require multi-level action.

Measures based on action are far more effective than criminalization, "said Grant Smith, deputy director of national affairs for the Drug Policy Alliance, in a recent press release which includes in particular harm reduction measures on-site such as naloxone (which can reverse opioid overdoses) and fentanyl test strips, as well as basic education for individuals taking these drugs in both prescriptive and illicit contexts.

From there Some experts believe that the prevention of deaths from overdose and other harm associated with opioid use also requires more extensive measures, such as the establishment of supervised consumables in key areas to ensure that everyone has access to medicines Treatment at St Impairment of Opiate Use and Reduction of Stigma Associated with Drug Use so people feel comfortable when needed when needed.

It is clear that we absolutely can not wait any longer [19659014] something .

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