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Stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, Dharma, fatigue. These are symptoms of food poisoning and the flu. The onset of the two complaints may be so similar – especially in severe cases – that it is easy to misidentify one as the other.
"One of the reasons for the confusion is that there are misunderstandings," says Alex Berezow, professor of microbiology and vice president of scientific affairs at the not-for-profit American Council on Science and Health. "People say 'Oh, I had the 24-hour flu' or 'I had the stomach flu. "These are not things, you probably had food poisoning."
Foodborne diseases, colloquially referred to as food poisoning, are the result of pathogens that migrate into foods that are unhygienic or diseased Diseases in the United States cause 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year, but food poisoning is unlikely to be reported, says Dr. Aaron Glatt, a clinician at South Nassau Communities Hospital and spokesman for the Infectious Disease Society of America rarely come to hospitals and data.
Influenza, colloquially known as the flu, is an infectious respiratory disease that is primarily spread by body fluids that contain the virus, and is incredibly common during the winter months occurs. In the most recent twelve-month period for which the CDC had figures (including parts of 2017 and 2018), 80,000 Americans died of the flu, but it was a particularly bad flu season. As a rule, the annual death toll is between 12,000 and 56,000.
Both are relatively rare deaths in terms of the widespread commonality of diseases, said Berezov, and are usually due to unusually severe virus strains and / or in very young people or old or who has a condition that endangers his immune system. How do you differentiate yourself from each other? Here are a few suggestions:
While a severe flu the G.I. can destroy. Treatise, an onset of gastrointestinal symptoms, especially vomiting and diarrhea, usually means food poisoning, says Berezov. The body tries to free itself from the insulting food.
However, repertory and sinus problems are not common signs of food poisoning. "Typically, there is a lack of additional symptoms [such as]" coughing, congestion and sore throat that occur in other conditions such as colds and flu, "said Edward Fog, DO, associate medical director of the AtlantiCare Physician Group near Atlantic City, New Jersey
Fever occurs in food poisoning "This is just a sign of inflammation and the way the body activates the immune system is activated," says Dr. Jack Springer, an emergency physician and assistant professor at the Northwell School of Medicine Hofstra University, but fever is rare and usually burns at lower temperatures than flu.
Of course, when you are eating, ask who you are companions who may also have had the suspicious potato salad. "It's hard to say [the source of the illness] unless mother and brother have eaten the same and have been puking for four hours, "says S pringer.
Both flu and food poisoning generally go their course, food poisoning in one day or so and the flu within a week and require no medical intervention, just rest and hydration – in most cases. People who are severely affected by illnesses (the elderly, children, immunocompromised individuals) should seek medical treatment, as well as those who suffer from particularly painful or long-lasting symptoms.
Otherwise wait. "Suffering is part of life," Springer says, "and having three or four days of diarrhea is a lot of suffering, but nature will take its course."