Whether it is on your ovaries on your breasts or on your bikini line dressing up as ingrown hairs Cysts can be quite a commonplace be a medical business. But dermoid cysts are different. Thanks to their rather wild composition, dermoid cysts can get the cake at Weird Body Stuff.
Dermoid cysts are benign tumors that contain tissues that normally occur elsewhere in the body.
Dermoid cysts are the non-cancerous form of a tumor called teratoma, according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI). They are also referred to as mature teratomas and may include skin sweat and oil glands, fat, muscle, bones, hair and teeth . Dermoid cysts are present since birth and can be found anywhere on the body. However, they are usually in the ovaries, testicles, head, neck, face, lower back and central nervous system (NCI .
). Dermoid cysts are so unique (ie filled) with hair and teeth and so on, because they come from germ cells . As reproductive cells of the body, these can be either egg cells or sperm cells. During embryonic development, these cells divide and differs into the different types of cells that are required to create a human. James Adam Greenberg, head of the Department of Gynecology at Brigham and Women's Faulkner Hospital and Associate Professor at Harvard Medical School, tells SELF. "They are the only ones [cells] who have the" stuff "of any other cell in their DNA, because they make embryos there, from which fetuses and then babies are created," explains Dr. Greenberg. "They have the potential to become something else."
As with all tumors, dermoid cysts form when something goes wrong during the normal cellular development process.
Dermoid cysts occur when ectodermal germ cells – form on the outer layers of our body structures such as skin, oil or sweat glands, hair, teeth, etc. – they remain more or less in the wrong place as you join together to different organs and systems. Rachel Georgopoulos MD, an otolaryngologist at the Cleveland Clinic, tells SELF. Dermoid cysts are basically encapsulations of wayward cells that ended up in the wrong place and kept growing.
"Normally, a cell grows and divides until [an internal signal] informs the cell," Dr. Greenberg. If this mechanism goes awry and your body does not receive this message, cell growth simply continues and a tumor forms.
Dermoid cysts are usually small, grow slowly and can go undetected for decades.
The type of presentation depends on exactly where the dermoid cyst is located. If someone has a dermoid cyst in a visible area such as the face, this can be perceived as a small bump in infancy or young adulthood, Patrick Colley  MD, a head and neck surgeon at the New York Eye Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai says SELF.
The bump may have a single hair Georgopoulos, as well as a tiny dam. However, it is possible for someone to run around with a dermoid cyst without knowing it for long. "Even those on the face can be pretty unremarkable," says Dr. Georgopoulos.
As another example, dermoid cysts on the ovaries may linger for a while before being caught, often in the twenties of a person or in their 30s. Greenberg. It is not uncommon for ovarian dermoid cysts to be found accidentally during a MRI or ultrasound for something else . Susan Khalil M. D., an Ob / Gyn on Mount Sinai, tells SELF. (Due to the unusual tissue, they are quite easy to detect in imaging studies, says Dr. Greenberg.)
Dermoid cysts are generally harmless. However, if they are big enough or in a specific location, they can cause symptoms.
The symptoms are dependent on where the cyst is located.
Large dermoid cysts found in the neck could, for example, exert pressure on nearby structures in the neck as well as the vocal cords or trachea, leading to voice changes or respiratory problems or respiratory distress. Georgopoulos.
Dermoid cysts in the brain or along the spine may have neurological causes, symptoms such as weakness or headache Colley.
And a dermoid cyst on an ovary can cause the organ to spin on itself like a kinked garden hose. Khalil. This is referred to as ovarian torsion and can lead to symptoms such as severe pain, nausea and vomiting, according to the Mayo Clinic . Ovarian dermoid cysts can also break which can lead to symptoms such as severe pain and bleeding.
Whether or not a dermoid cyst causes symptoms is usually removed to avoid disruption across the board.  Even though there are currently no problems, the cyst may continue to expand, Dr. Colley, and produces deposits such as oil and skin cells. If the cyst is near the surface where bacteria could invade, there is also a risk of infection, says Dr. Georgopoulos. And as a cyst grows or gets infected, it usually gets harder to remove, says Dr. Colley. So, if your doctor finds you have a dermoid cyst, it may be surgically removed to avoid possible complications in the future.
However, this depends on factors such as the size of the cyst and its position. and on balancing the costs and benefits of removing the cyst, Dr. Khalil. For example, if someone has a smaller dermoid cyst on one of their ovaries, their doctor must decide whether to remove the cyst without removing the entire ovary or possibly compromising fertility in which case the patient may The doctor decides to wait awake. So if you have a dermoid cyst (or really some cyst), a thorough discussion with your doctor can help you decide what to do.