- People who suffer from celiac disease are gluten intolerant
- It causes some digestive problems
- Nausea, vomiting, fatigue and weight loss are some of the common symptoms
Staying gluten-free is only part of a fad, but for some it is a necessity. People who suffer from celiac disease are gluten intolerant. It causes some digestive problems and in severe cases it can even lead to some cancers. Here's everything you need to know about celiac disease.
An estimated 60 to 80 million people in India suffer from this disease.
What is celiac disease?
Celiac disease is a serious autoimmune disease in which the body becomes gluten-incompatible. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, barley and bulgur. When people suffering from the disease eat gluten, their immune system reacts by attacking and damaging the small intestine. Your small intestine is responsible for absorbing nutrients from food into the body's bloodstream.
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What are the Symptoms?
The symptoms of celiac disease can vary from person to person. The most common signs of celiac disease include:
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain  Diarrhea 19659004] Nausea [19659004 Constipation
- Inflation and gas
Digestive system includes:
- Iron deficiency or anemia
- Joint pain [Irregularmenstrualcycle
- Mouth ulcer ] Headache and fatigue
- Joint pain
- Dermatitis herpetiformis
What are the risk factors?
Risk factors that may increase your risk of developing celiac disease include:
- A family history of celiac disease
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Down syndrome
What is the diagnosis?
The doctor performs a physical examination and reviews your medical history. He or she will do some blood tests, including blood counts, liver function tests, cholesterol tests and alkaline phosphatase testing.
Read also: 9 facts about the digestive system
What is the treatment? ?
The permanent solution to the problem is to completely eliminate gluten from your diet. You can consult a doctor to find out how you can maintain a healthy diet while avoiding gluten. You will see the difference if you remove gluten from your diet. Maintaining a gluten-free diet is not easy, but it is the only solution to getting rid of the disease. They should avoid foods such as bread, oats, pasta, biscuits, cereals, seafood, etc.
Among the healthy options for gluten are dairy products, peas, potatoes, corn, brown rice, beans and lentils fruits.
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Written by: Arushi Bidhuri
Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial Staff February 28, 2019