Melasma, a common skin condition that causes dark, discolored spots on the skin. However, it is believed that the disease is more common in women than in men, but it may also affect men. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, 90 percent of the people who receive melasma are women. What are the symptoms? Well, the symptoms include, as mentioned above, discoloration, dark spots on the face and other parts of the body. The dark brown spots usually appear on the cheeks, forehead, nose bridge and chin. However, they can also occur on the neck and forearms. Although the discoloration of the skin does not affect your body, it can certainly make you feel confident about how you look. Why does this melasma occur? Well, the exact cause of melasma is not yet known, but it has been observed that people with dark skin are at greater risk than people with fair skin. Experts believe that this has something to do with the sensitivity of estrogen and progesterone, which means that birth control pills, pregnancy and hormone therapy can trigger melasma. Apart from these, stress and thyroid disease can also be blamed for the development of melasma.