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Bone and Joint Problems Associated with Diabetes



If you have diabetes you are at an increased risk for various bone and joint disorders. Certain factors such as nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy), arterial disease and obesity may contribute to these problems – but often the cause is not clear.

Learn about various bone and joint disorders, including symptoms and treatment options

Charcot Joint

What is it?

The Charcot joint (Shahr-KOH), also called neuropathic arthropathy, occurs when a joint deteriorates due to nerve damage ̵

1; a common complication of diabetes. The Charcot joint mainly affects the feet.

What are the symptoms?

Deafness and tingling or loss of sensation may occur in the affected joints. They can be warm, red and swollen and become unstable or deformed. The affected joint may not be very painful despite its appearance.

How is it treated?

If it is detected early, the progression of the disease can be slowed. Limiting stress activities and using orthotic supports for the affected joint and surrounding structures may help.

Diabetic hands syndrome

What is it?

Diabetic hand syndrome, also called diabetic chiroarthropathy, is a disorder that is a diabetic hand syndrome. The skin on the hands becomes waxy and thickened. Eventually the movement of the fingers is restricted. The causes of Diabetic Hand Syndrome are unknown. It is most common in people who have been suffering from diabetes for a long time.

What are the symptoms?

You may not be able to fully stretch your fingers or press your palms flat.

How is it treated?

Better blood sugar management and physiotherapy may slow the progression of this disease, but limited mobility may not be reversible.

Osteoporosis

What is it?

Osteoporosis is a disorder that causes bones to become weak and fragile. People with type 1 diabetes have an increased risk of osteoporosis.

What are the symptoms?

Osteoporosis rarely causes symptoms in the early stages. If the disease is more advanced, you may lose height, stooped posture or broken bones.

How is she treated?

A healthy lifestyle, including stressful exercises such as walking and eating A balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D (including supplements if necessary) is the best way to address this condition. Some patients with more severe or advanced disease may require medication to prevent further bone loss or bone mass increase.

Osteoarthritis

What is it?

Osteoarthritis is a joint disease characterized by the breakdown of articular cartilage. It can affect every joint in your body. People with type 2 diabetes are at an increased risk of osteoarthritis, probably because of obesity – a risk factor for type 2 diabetes – and not for the diabetes itself.

What are the symptoms?

Osteoarthritis can cause joint pain. Swelling and stiffness as well as loss of mobility or movement of the joints.

How is she treated?

The treatment involves exercising and maintaining a healthy weight, caring for the affected joint and resting the affected joint, physiotherapy, analgesics, and surgical procedures such as knee or hip replacement (joint arthroplasty). Complementary treatments – such as acupuncture and massage – can also be helpful in relieving pain.

DISH

What is it?

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyper- stosis (DISH), also called Forestier's disease, is a hardening of the tendons and ligaments that commonly affect the spine. DISH may be associated with type 2 diabetes, possibly due to insulin or insulin-like growth factors that promote new bone growth.

What are the symptoms?

In some cases, pain, stiffness, or a decreased range of motion can occur in the affected body part. If DISH affects your spine, stiffness in the back or neck can occur.

How is it treated?

Treatment involves treating symptoms, usually with painkillers (Tylenol, others), and in rare cases, surgery may be required to remove bone that has grown due to the condition.

Dupuytren's contracture

What is it?

Dupuytren's contracture is a deformity in which one or more fingers are bent toward the palm of the hand. It is caused by thickening and scarring of the connective tissue in the palm and in the fingers. Dupuytren's contractures often occur in people who have been suffering from diabetes for a long time, possibly due to metabolic changes related to diabetes.

What are the symptoms?

You may notice a thickening of the skin on your palm. You may not be able to fully extend one or more fingers.

How is he treated?

If you have pain, steroid injection can help by reducing inflammation. Surgery, collagenase enzyme injection, and a minimally invasive technique called an aponeurotomy to break up the thick tissue are further options if the disease can prevent you from taking objects.

Frozen Shoulder

What is it?

Frozen shoulder is a condition characterized by shoulder pain and limited mobility. It usually only affects one shoulder. Although the cause is often unknown, diabetes is a common risk factor.

What are the symptoms?

Frozen shoulder causes pain or tenderness in shoulder movements, joint stiffness, and reduced range of motion.

How is it treated?

When aggressive physiotherapy is used early, it can maintain movement and freedom of movement in the joint.

Updated: 2017-03-09

Release date: 2005-04-20


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