"Psychopath" and "Sociopath" are popular descriptions of the violent monsters born of our worst nightmares. Think of Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs Norman Bates Psycho, and Annie Wilkes Misery
Luckily, most of us will never meet a Hannibal Lecter In the real world However, there are certainly psychopaths and sociopaths. And they are hiding among us – sometimes as the most successful people in society because they are often ruthless, callous and superficially charming while paying little or no attention to the feelings or needs of others.
These are called "successful". Psychopaths, as they tend to carry out deliberate offenses with calculated risk. Or they manipulate another person to break the law while keeping their distance. They are masters of the manipulators of other people's emotions, but they can not experience emotions themselves.
You probably only know one ̵
What is the difference between a psychopath and a sociopath?
Psychopaths and sociopaths have a number of characteristics, including a lack of remorse or empathy for others, a lack of guilt or the ability to take responsibility for their actions, disregard of laws or social conventions, and a propensity for violence : A key feature of both i st fraudulent and manipulative nature. But how can we distinguish them from each other?
Sociopaths are usually less emotionally stable and very impulsive – their behavior tends to be more unpredictable than psychopaths. When crimes are committed – whether violent or non-violent – sociopaths will respond more to coercion. And they will lack patience, much easier to indulge in impulsiveness and detailed planning.
Psychopaths, on the other hand, plan their crimes down to the smallest detail and take calculated risks to avoid detection. The wise leave few clues that may be caught. Psychopaths are currently not getting carried away and make fewer mistakes.
Both are acting on a continuum of behavior, and many psychologists are still debating whether the two should even be differentiated. But for those who distinguish between the two, one thing is largely agreed: psychiatrists use the term psychopathy to illustrate that the cause of the antisocial personality disorder is hereditary. Sociopathy describes behaviors that are attributed to brain injury, abuse and / or neglect in childhood.
Psychopaths are born and sociopaths are formed. In essence, their difference reflects the debate between nature and care. There is a particularly interesting connection between serial killers and psychopaths or sociopaths – although of course not all psychopaths and sociopaths become serial killers. And not all serial killers are psychopaths or sociopaths.
But the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has identified certain characteristics shared between known serial killers and these antisocial personality disorders. This includes predatory behavior (for example, Ivan Milat, who hunted and killed his seven victims); Sensation seekers (think of hedonistic murderers who are murdering with excitement, such as 21-year-old Thomas Hemming, who killed two people in 2014 just to know what it feels like to kill); Lack of remorse; Impulsiveness; and the need for control or power over others (such as Dennis Rader, an American serial killer who murdered ten people between 1974 and 1991 and was labeled a "BTK killer").
The murder of Morgan Huxley in Sydney by the 22-year-old Jack Kelsall, who probably shows all the hallmarks of a psychopath, highlights the differences between psychopaths and sociopaths.
In 2013, Kelsall Huxley followed, where he was carelessly attacked. The 31-year-old stabbed him 28 times. Kelsall showed no remorse for his crime, which was extremely violent and pre-edited.
Although the murder was insane, Kelsall showed patience and planning, leaving little doubt that he was psychopathic rather than social-psychic. He had previously followed potential victims and had shared fantasies that he had when he had stabbed Huxley with a knife a year before his death, allegedly for "thrills".
Whatever Kelsall's motive was, regardless of whether his dysfunction occurred or was born, the case is an example of the worst outcome of an antisocial personality disorder: pointless violence against a random victim for self-gratification. Throughout his trial and conviction, Kelsall showed no signs of remorse, no guilt, and did not apologize.
I think he could have killed a textbook psychopath again. In my opinion, as an expert in forensic criminology – and as the police who arrested him – Kelsall was a serial killer.
Does it all come down to the distinction between a psychopath and a sociopath? They can be both dangerous and deadly, the worst devastation to people's lives. Or they can spend their lives among people who do not know.
Xanthe Mallett is a lecturer in forensic criminology at the University of New England. This article was republished by The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.