In a recent news update, more than 15 pilgrims received special support after holding their breath due to the high altitude. Here are some tips on coping with emergency situations at high altitudes
The pilgrims march with great enthusiasm towards their final destination in this year's Amarnath Yatra. In a recent case, about 15 pilgrims were oxygenated by the Indian-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) on the Baltal axis. The 46-day pilgrim marches to Amarnath Yatra will end on the 1
Understanding altitude sickness
If you plan to travel at altitudes above 300 meters, consult a physician before setting off. Those who want mountaineering, skiing, climbing and even hiking should take special precautions to defy the challenging weather conditions. Listed below are some symptoms of altitude sickness:
- split headache
- weight loss and exhaustion
- a sudden increase in heart rate
- sleep disorders or sleep disorders
- respiratory distress
- pain and tightness of the chest
- Excessive coughing and vomiting
- Difficult walking straight over long distances
- Also bluish or gray skin color
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All of these symptoms require medical attention and should be reported to a doctor at the earliest. It is also advisable to bring an oxygen bottle for trekkers and mountaineers who are climbing at higher altitudes. It is best to stop, rest and then move while experiencing such symptoms.
Reasons for altitude sickness
Wondering where these symptoms come from? A limited supply of oxygen to the body leads to various reactions in the body. The higher you climb, the lower the oxygen content. These diseases can be classified into three types:
- Acute disease: Often mild and short-term, this is the most common type of altitude sickness
- Height pulmonary edema (HAPE)): This Condition causes the lungs to swell with liquids. This can also be a deadly health concern.
- Elevated cerebral edema (HACE): This condition causes swelling of the brain due to fluid retention. It is common in extremely high altitudes.
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- Sunburn: The higher you go, the stronger your skin is in contact with the sun, which leads to sunburn on a larger scale. The sun is much harder in the mountains than low lying areas. In such places it is best to apply sunscreen.
- Dehydration: Lower oxygen levels in the mountains increase the likelihood of dehydration. Keep fluid in places at high altitude to avoid headaches.
- Hypothermia: The higher you go, the colder it gets. Avoid contact with cold water, as this can lead to hypothermia. Wear dry clothing when it rains.
Dealing with altitude sickness
The most important factor here is that you give your body just before moving to higher altitudes. Take a break and then continue. The sudden contact with low pressure in the atmosphere can also be deadly for many. When traveling to higher altitudes, keep in mind the following important factors:
- Always chew chewing gum when going to higher altitudes
- When traveling to higher altitudes, treat immediately and monitor your blood pressure  Keep hydrated and well hydrated Liquid to himself. Rest when you feel dizzy.
- Avoid consuming alcohol at such times.
- Eat the right meals. Do not think about dieting as adequate nutrition is required to maintain yourself at higher altitudes.
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Written by: Vani Malik
Source: Onlymyhealth Editorial Team 04.07.2019