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Alzheimer's: Consider options for long-term care



When caring for a loved one with Alzheimer's disease or similar dementia, it is important to understand long-term care options and to carefully evaluate their performance and quality of care. Here's the help with getting started.

If you keep your loved ones at home

Home care for a family member with Alzheimer's disease is often highly appreciated. To facilitate this and to support your own health and well-being, you may consider various home care resources. For example:

  • home care services. Home care services help with personal care such as eating, bathing, dressing, cleaning and toilets. Some agencies help prepare meals and do housework.

    Typically, basic care – such as help with medication, wound care, and medical equipment – is available. Some agencies offer additional services, such as: B. Physiotherapy.

  • Nursing services for accompaniment and accompaniment. Accompaniment is ideal to give you the assurance of spending a few hours. It also gives people with Alzheimer's a chance to socialize. Meaningful relationships can develop between people with dementia and their companions.

    You can ask family, friends, or neighbors to stay with a relative when you need a break. If you prefer a more formal setup, consider a care service provided by community organizations.

  • Day care centers for adults. Adult Day Care Centers offer socialization, limited health services, physical and mental exercises, music, support groups, and other activities in a safe, supervised environment. Participants walk away from home and visit them daily or a few hours a week. Transportation and meals are sometimes provided. Some adult day care centers are designed for people with Alzheimer's disease.

  • Geriatric care manager. This type of manager can assess your loved one's needs and coordinate resources. In some cases, geriatric nurses can take care of almost all aspects of care. Some local government agencies and charities offer free counseling services for geriatric care.

Consideration of Care Options

As your disease progresses, your relative needs more help. You could consider alternative housing options. For example:

  • Assisted living. If your loved ones need assistance with personal care and daily activities, such as: For example, in the preparation of meals, but no expert medical care, she may be suitable for a companion living room.

    These facilities are also referred to as board and care, residential for adults or assisted care. Their relatives could live in their own apartment or suite, or share a living space with other residents.

  • Specialized dementia medicine. If your loved one needs more supervision or help than through a traditional assisted living facility, he or she can benefit from "memory maintenance," supervised living.

    Although certain services vary, these facilities typically provide professionals who structure the day around meaningful engagements and activities based on the preferences and strengths of the individual. Visual cues such as signs or images are often used to help residents maintain their independence. Reinforced security measures such as secured exits are typical.

  • nursing home. If your loved ones need qualified medical care, a nursing home might be your best option. Nursing homes provide room and board and 24/7 care and medical care.

    Some nursing homes have special accommodation for people with Alzheimer's – the environment, activities and care philosophy are tailored to their needs.

Choosing the type of care

For information on finding resources in your area, visit the National Association of Areas on Aging. If you would like to find out what kind of care is best for your loved ones, consider the following questions:

  • Does your relative need help with meal preparation or other personal needs?
  • Does your relative need help with medication or coping with other medical conditions, such as heart disease or diabetes?
  • Does your relative need 24-hour supervision or special care? If so, what kind of skills does a supervisor need to provide for this care?
  • Would you like a facility that specializes in the treatment of Alzheimer's?
  • How will you cover the costs of caring for your loved one?
  • Will the care of your loved ones be similar to yours?

Some settings are not suitable to support people with Alzheimer's disease. If the needs of your relative change, the care options may change as well. With each new care facility, you need to combine your nursing skills with the needs of your loved one.

The load distribution improves care.

Looking for help can ease the physical and mental strain of nursing – and the sooner you consider the options the better. If you wait until a crisis arises, you can make a hasty decision. Instead, take the time to evaluate your relative's current needs and future options.

Updated: 2016-03-25

Release date: 2002-12-05


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