Experts have been looking for patterns of who has contracted COVID-19 since the first outbreaks. Right from the start of the pandemic, it was clear that increasing age and increasing obesity could predispose people to severe COVID-19, which has attracted increasing attention with news that President Donald Trump – 74 years old and technically obese – has tested positive for COVID-19 has excited.
While COVID-19 doesn’t follow the same pattern every time – people who don’t fall into these risk categories can develop severe COVID-19 too – the CDC and other experts say the following risk factors put you at higher risk from the disease Coronavirus:
Obesity (a BMI of 30 or greater) can triple the risk of hospitalization for COVID-1
An analysis in the journal Obesity Reviews suspects obesity could increase your chances of dying from COVID-19 by nearly 50 percent. Obesity is linked to other health conditions, including high blood pressure, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes, which may explain the greater chance of serious illness. However, experts still point out that obesity is an independent risk factor.
The CDC says “increasing age” is a risk factor for severe COVID-19. No threshold is set at which your risk begins to increase. However, it has been reported that eight out of ten deaths related to COVID-19 have occurred in adults aged 65 and over. Age is an independent risk factor, according to the CDC, which also indicates that some of the susceptibility in this group may be due to the increased likelihood of underlying illnesses.
Keep in mind that younger people can still die from causes related to COVID-19, and they can also suffer from many complications, including stroke and myocarditis (inflammation of the heart). One report even suggested that 15 percent of Big 10 athletes with a diagnosis of COVID reported this heart problem.
Other underlying diseases
The CDC recently updated a list of underlying medical conditions that increase the risk of serious illness. It added cancer, chronic kidney disease, COPD, compromised immune system from an organ transplant, serious heart conditions like congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease or cardiomyopathy, sickle cell disease and type 2 diabetes.
It has also been suggested that people with these conditions could be at increased risk: asthma, cerebrovascular disease, cystic fibrosis, high blood pressure, neurological conditions such as dementia, people in an immunocompromised state, liver disease, pregnancy, pulmonary fibrosis, thalassemia, and type 1 diabetes. Smoking is also added to the list of risk factors for severe COVID-19. Here is the scientific evidence for his choices about this.
Be in a racial or ethnic minority
It has been documented that some racial and ethnic minorities are at increased risk of getting sick and dying from COVID-19-related causes. The CDC says that “inequalities in the social determinants of health, such as poverty and access to health care, that affect these groups are interrelated and affect a wide range of outcomes and risks related to health and quality of life.”
Many factors are likely to contribute to this increased risk, including discrimination, access and use of health care, occupation, educational and income differences, and housing.
Other people who need to take special precautions
While everyone must take precautions to avoid getting infected with the coronavirus and infecting others, certain groups may need to be even more careful, including people with disabilities, people living in rural communities, people in nursing homes and long-term care facilities. You can find the full list here.
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