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Aerobic fitness prevents early death



Good aerobic capacity is essential for athletes to work harder and longer during their workout. But there is another reason why you are aerobic: it can even reduce the risk of death from heart disease, cancer and other diseases, say researchers from Spain.

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In the study The project was presented at the EuroEcho-Imaging European Society of Cardiology 2018 and analyzed 12,615 participants aged 18 to 91 years with known or suspected coronary heart disease. Participants underwent an echocardiographic stress test on the treadmill, either running or running to exhaustion.

The results of the stress test were measured in metabolic equivalents (METs) or the energy cost of an activity (one MET equals sitting calm, and six or more METs are equivalent to performing strenuous activities such as running or cycling).

To achieve good results in the stress test, participants had to reach 1

0 METs. This corresponded to the fact that she could quickly negotiate three or four steps without stopping or at a speed of 6.5 mph (According to cardiologist Jesús Peteiro-Vázquez, MD, the lead author of the study, this is a bit slower than a 9 : 30-mile.

"Four steps represent about 20 meters distance and the usual gradient is 30 to 35 percent," he said Runner's World . " One Person Being able to go up four flights of stairs, say 45 to 55 seconds would also be able to reach 10 METs. "

The researchers then divided the participants into two groups: those who 10 METs or more were termed "good functional capacity", and those who failed to reach 10 METs were referred to as "poor functional capacity."

After participants subscribed almost five years later The researchers found that people in the group with poor functional fitness were more likely to die from cardiovascular disease, cancer or other diseases. In fact, people in the poor fitness group were three times more likely to die of cardiovascular disease and almost twice as likely to die of cancer during that five-year period than those in the good fitness group.

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And the fitter the contestants were during the test, the more protective the effects were: every MET reached after that ten-point was down by 9%, 9%, and 4%, respectively Risk associated type of disease.

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"Our results add to the general knowledge about the benefits of fit," Petiero said Vázquez. "Physical activity has a positive effect on blood pressure and lipids and thus on the cardiovascular system. It also reduces inflammation. "

This is important because inflammation plays a role as a common factor in the development of some cancers and heart disease.

So, keep track of your miles – long stretches, long stretches, workouts, or whatever suits your lunch break – to reduce the risk of early death from cardiovascular disease and cancer.


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