Few things can endanger your health and fitness goals faster than pain – and knee pain is one of the most common ailments. From stinging, stabbing pains to dull pains or stiffness, one out of every four adults has knee pain and can range from mildly irritating to painful to the point that even walking is painful.
Knee pain often results from ligament and tendon injuries, especially when you are active or exercising. Mild cases usually respond to rest and over-the-counter anti-inflammatories, while heavier cases require stronger medications, physical therapy, cortisone injections or even surgery to repair the damage.
However, when osteoarthritis causes knee pain These treatments can provide only limited relief as arthritis is a chronic, degenerative disease that worsens over time. The tissue around the joint is inflamed, tender, swollen and stiff; In advanced cases, the cartilage that cushions the joints of the knee wears off to a point where the bone rubs against the bone.
Age is the biggest risk factor for osteoarthritis – most commonly affects people over 50 – but other factors include B. earlier a genetic predisposition, injury and joint stress due to repeated activities or excessive body weight. If non-invasive treatments bring no relief, knee replacement surgery may be the next step.
Knee replacement is better than ever
In knee replacement, the damaged cartilage and bone in the knee are removed and replaced with an artificial implant, usually made of metal, plastic or ceramic. Technological advances and improved surgical techniques are helping to increase the frequency of knee replacement surgery.
Here are five things you should know about modern knee replacement surgery:
- It is highly effective. A new knee can mean greater mobility and less pain. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, over 90 percent of patients undergoing knee replacement surgery experience a drastic reduction in knee pain.
- This is not just for the elderly. According to the Arthritis Foundation, half of the people undergoing knee replacement are under the age of 65. In recent years, the number of operations between 45 and 64 increased by 188 percent.
- It is less invasive and more precise . Many surgeons today perform a knee replacement with minimally invasive surgical techniques. These require fewer and smaller incisions and usually result in less discomfort, shorter hospital stay and faster recovery. On average, the surgery takes about two hours and patients generally stay in the hospital for two to four days.
- They are on their feet within days. If you work with a physiotherapist, you will start moving and walking one day after the operation. After leaving the hospital, you will also have a treatment plan that will help you regain strength and mobility. Most people can start low-impact activities within a few weeks. Cycling, and increasing strength to higher-impact activities. Full recovery can take from several months to a year.
- The knee replacement may take 20 years. The implants used today in modern knee replacement are strong and flexible and are expected to last up to 20 years.
- Sometimes revisions are required. In some cases patients may need to be overworked due to infection, implant loosening or other issues. In people under the age of 65, who are overweight, obese or have health problems, revisions are more likely.
If you are anxious to relieve knee pain without success, you should arrange a consultation with an orthopedic surgeon specializing in knee problems