Getty Images Paula Winkler
A little bit of sweat is nothing to fear. You're likely to come in contact with the mix of salt and water every day that heats up in the gym or gets stuck in a stuffy conference room.
"Sweating is a normal phenomenon in which the body can cool down to prevent overheating." explains Melissa Kanchanapoomi Levin, MD, a New York City-based dermatologist and founder of Entière Dermatology.
But hot and disturbed? That's just a good thing sometimes. And if you're sweating through your clothes or bedding, getting warm, even if it's below freezing, or buying CVS from an antiperspirant, you're probably wondering what the @ # $% process involves. Below we have received answers from doctors as well as strategies for the final cooling off.
Advertising – Read below
You have a sweat disorder.
Resting in peace in a cool room? You may have hyperhidrosis, an excessive sweat disorder. "Sweating people with hyperhidrosis without having to cool the body," says Kanchanapoomi Levin. While hyperhidrosis sometimes occurs in families or signals an underlying problem (infection, heart problems, hyperthyroidism, even cancer), it can also be caused by overactive nerves that cause your body to sweat more. If you have it, you could soak clothes, sweat drops from your fingertips, run sweat beads through your face, or walk through socks.
If that sounds familiar – and you have not done so yet – switch from deodorant to antiperspirant, suggests Kanchanapoomi Levin. While you may not think about it, you can actually rub Dove over your feet or hands, she says. Is still sweating? Make an appointment with your derma to see what's going on. You could benefit from a prescription antiperspirant. Sometimes, docs also consider other medications or even surgery.
Your thyroid is completely out of balance.
If you are hot and sweaty and can not stand the heat, you may have an overactive thyroid, or hyperthyroidism. "One of the common symptoms of hyperthyroidism is heat intolerance," says Jonathan Arend, an internist at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. "Your thyroid, which regulates the metabolism, is overactive and digs through the machinery of your body and runs like a superheating machine at full speed."
Higher thyroid hormones mean increased energy production, higher body temperature and much sweat, David adds. med. Weissman, a family doctor who sees patients through the Telehealth app LiveHealth Online. Other signs of hyperthyroidism? Fast heart rate, irregular heart rhythm, increased blood pressure and unexplained weight loss, says Weissman.
The good news: Hyperthyroidism is easy to diagnose and medicate, Weissman says.
You are super fit – or working on it.
Sweat can be a sign of excellence a commitment to design. "People who are better fit tend to sweat earlier in their exercise regimen because they have adjusted to maintain a lower body temperature during exercise," explains Weissman.
Out of shape and notice that you are dripping? While fit dudes tend to sweat faster than couch potatoes, overweight men have more isolation, which means they can generate more heat and also sweat throughout the workout, Weissman says.
You have a fever.
Hot, sweaty, reddened and feels like crap? Break the Thermometer: If your temperature is over 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, you have a fever, which means that your body is trying to develop a defense against what causes your illness (probably a virus or bacteria).
See your document. Sometimes fever is just the flu. Other times it could signal something more serious – tuberculosis, a bacterial infection or lupus, says Arend.
Your medications are to blame.
Usual medications such as oral decongestants (pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine), erectile dysfunction medications (including Viagra and Cialis), and even some antidepressants might have an adverse reaction: excessive sweating. This does not mean you should stop taking it, but it may require a convo with your document to see if there are any other options that will not make you sweat.
This practical list of the International Hyperhydrosis Society highlights some of the biggest drug offenders.
Diabetics? You may have hypoglycemia.
If you have diabetes and you feel nervous, dizzy and sweaty, you may experience hypoglycaemia or a drop in blood sugar levels, says Arend. If your body tries to cope with the stress of this situation, your sweat glands will go into overdrive – therefore more sweat, even if you do not feel particularly hot. In the short term, drinking glucose tablets or fruit juice can raise blood sugar levels. But untreated diabetic hypoglycaemia can trigger seizures and even lead to loss of consciousness. So if you have symptoms several times a week, consult your doctor, says Weissman
If you are extremely sweaty before a first date or important interview, this could be your body's response to stress and anxiety. "Increased anxiety results in an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate, and ultimately increases body temperature," explains Weissman. "When your body heats up, you automatically sweat more."
If you have a Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), you may also notice that you are zonked, have difficulty sleeping, and are tense and painful (killing your back and neck always) or you are extremely irritable (read: you are always on the verge of blowing someone up). Simple stress reduction techniques (like meditation and yoga) can suppress anxiety, says Weissman. But it is best to bring in an expert, such as a counselor or therapist, for further insight.
It is rare, but night sweat may be a sign of cancer.
Night sweats may be common – anxiety, stress and sleep disorders can also cause them in healthy men. In rare cases, however, they can be a sign of cancer, such as lymphoma, leukemia, kidney and thyroid cancer.
Just as your body heats up as it fights an infection, so does your immune system speed up to fight other threats, including cancer. If you notice nocturnal sweats occur regularly (even after you've laid the thermal pads) and other symptoms (inexplicable weight loss or fever), make an appointment with your doctor.
Advertising – read below