Pregnancy can make your body feel like a strange landscape, even when it comes to gastrointestinal problems … oh, the gastrointestinal problems. Where do we start?
If you want to have a baby, these changes can be well worth it. Still, it's nice to know what's in the store and if what you're going through is normal or not. Here are the gastrointestinal problems that you might develop during pregnancy and what you can do about it.
. 1 Nausea and Vomiting
Shocker, we know. These are probably the most common gastrointestinal problems that people experience during the earlier stages of pregnancy, says Heather Beall, M.D., Ob / Gyn at Northwestern Medicine McHenry Hospital, versus SELF. This is usually not harmful to pregnancy but it is not exactly a gratifying experience.
You've probably heard that this is referred to as " morning sickness ", but the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) points out that this may be true during the day ( or the night). And while nausea and vomiting usually start before the 9th week of pregnancy and last up to 14 weeks, for some people, they may stop the entire pregnancy.
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy appear to happen thanks to pregnancy hormones such as human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which rises sharply in the first few weeks of pregnancy says Jennifer Aquino, an Ob / Gynin of the NYU Langone Health, opposite SELF. "High hCG levels can contribute to nausea and vomiting," she says. Estrogen, another hormone that increases during pregnancy, can also cause morning sickness, says the Mayo Clinic
There are a few ways you can do that, if you are concerned. Eating milder foods such as dry toast or crackers can help to drink plenty of fluids, avoid odors that bother you, and have frequent small meals instead of larger ones, ACOG . If lifestyle changes do not work, your doctor may recommend taking vitamin B6, vitamin B6 with doxylamine (a medicine used in OTC sleeping pills), or a medicine that combines both. (Both drugs – taken together or separately – were found safe during pregnancy, ACOG says, though  experts are not sure how to prevent morning sickness accurately.) [19659008Ifyournauseaandbreakuparestrongenoughtocauseseveredehydrationorloseover5percentofyourbodyweightbeforepregnancyyoumayhave[19459005Hyperemesisgravidarum which is essentially an extreme, potentially debilitating version of morning sickness. If your nausea and vomiting really affect your life, see your doctor. You can prescribe antiemetics to control your symptoms.
. 2 Constipation
Constipation can be quite a problem during pregnancy. This is due to the hormone progesterone says Kyle Staller, MD, a gastroenterologist at the Massachusetts General, opposite SELF. "It's changing the way the colon contracts, and it makes people slower in the colon," he says. Basically, foods move more slowly than usual through your gut, which can lead to accumulation, harder than usual shit and problems that you do as often as you are used to.
Later in your pregnancy, the pressure is decreasing. Your uterus and growing baby can press on your rectum and make it harder than usual to shit, Dr. Daniela Jodorkovsky, Gastroenterologist at the New York Presbyterian / Columbia University Irving Medical Center, if you are pregnant "There is far too much trouble in pooping Dietary improvements such as increasing fiber capture can be helpful," says Dr , Staller. This nutrient makes your poop softer and easier to expel. According to the Mayo Clinic you should work your way up to the 1945  recommended daily gram for your age for a few weeks. (That will probably be between 25 and 28 grams.) Too fast all-in can lead to problems like gas and convulsions. Drink lots of fluids like water (it helps the fiber do its job) and plum juice (it's rich in fiber but try it only if you can digest it), says dr. Jodorkovsky.
If this does not work, talk to your doctor. Stool softeners are generally used as in pregnancy – You should first get your doctor's OK.
. 3 Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, and you may get them during pregnancy due to increased pressure on these areas, says the Mayo Clinic . Tension, if you shit (as if you're constipated), can even increase the pressure, Dr. Jodorkovsky.
Hemorrhoids are no fun with it: they can cause bleeding if you poop, anal swelling, itching, irritation And down there hurts the Mayo Clinic .
For relief, you can try methods such as soaking in a warm bath or using an OTC hemorrhoid cream according to the Mayo Clinic ]. Talk to your doctor before taking any medication to make sure that the medicine you are looking for is safe during pregnancy.
Because constipation can also contribute to hemorrhoids, it can help you eat more fiber in your diet and drink plenty of fluids, Dr. Jodorkovsky
4. Anal fissures
We hate putting this mental image in your head, but anisplaces are small tears in the thin, delicate lining of your anus, as the Mayo Clinic explains. These can cause pain and bleeding when shitting. This health problem, which, frankly, should be illegal, can also cause pain that lasts several hours after shitting. Or after trying, because you probably will not be surprised to hear that anal fissures can be a complication of constipation. All of this pushing can rip your fragile skin.
If you develop an anal cleft during pregnancy, you at least know that it will probably heal in a few days or weeks . If you keep your poop so soft that you do not have to burden and irritate the area any further, this should help. Staller. The best ways to do that? Drum rolls … try to drink more fluids and increase fiber intake. Soaking in a warm bath for 10 to 20 minutes can help relax the sphincter (the muscle ring around the opening of the anus) and can help you heal faster, says the Mayo Clinic .
5. Acid Reflux
Acid Reflux happens when acid that should remain in your stomach goes rogue and flows back into your esophagus, the tube that connects your mouth and stomach, says the Mayo Clinic . This backwash can irritate the lining of your esophagus and cause symptoms such as heartburn chest pain, difficulty swallowing, feeling as if there are a neck in the throat, chronic cough, laryngitis and sleep ]. As a non-welcome bonus, heartburn can also cause excessive belching .
This problem becomes gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) if you have mild acid reflux at least twice a week If your acid reflux is moderate to severe and occurs at least every seven days, it will be treated according to the Mayo Clinic 19659027] described.
Acid reflux may occur more frequently during pregnancy, as the hormone progesterone causes your esophageal sphincter to retain acid and food in the stomach) to relax, explains the Mayo Clinic . "The growing baby also presses on the stomach, puts pressure on it and increases the likelihood of acid leakage," says Dr. Staller.
The Mayo Clinic recommends that you tackle this. Eat small, frequent meals and avoid foods that aggravate your reflux. (Ordinary or fried foods, citrus fruits and chocolate, says the Mayo Clinic.   Sorry.) Not trying to eat in the three hours before going to bed can also be helpful because lying down will make this acid creep easier.
. 6 Gallstones
Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in your gallbladder, a small pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen just under your liver, says the Mayo Clinic . Your gallbladder contains a digestive fluid called bile, which is released into your small intestine to aid in the crucial task of breaking down your food.
You may have gallstones and do not know or you may have intense symptoms such as sudden and severe pain in the upper right or middle area of your abdomen, pain between the shoulder blades, or pain in your right shoulder Nausea and vomiting. The pain can last from a few minutes to a few hours, says the Mayo Clinic .
There are several reasons why you may have gallstones during pregnancy. First, estrogen tends to increase the production of HDL cholesterol which is a component of bile, says Dr. Cyril. Aquino. At the same time, progesterone slows down the rate at which your gall bladder empties . "This combination can eventually lead to changes in bile consistency, leading to gallstones in pregnancy," she says.
If you have pain or other symptoms that you suspect are due to gallstones, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. You could give them medication to try to treat the pain, says dr. Staller. Gallbladder removal surgery is also a frequent treatment for this issue and is generally safe during pregnancy .
Your body can do weird things when you're pregnant. If your stomach literally tells you something is going on, do not hesitate to call your doctor, Dr. Beall. They are here to help.