With all the statistics you hear about obesity in America, you might consider weight loss as a good thing by nature. However, if weight loss happens quickly and unintentionally, it may indicate a worrying ground state.
What is considered a "faster" weight loss?
"Although we do not often have a widely accepted standardized definition of fast weight loss, we consider a significant, unintentional weight loss as a weight reduction of 5% or more within six to twelve months," Dr. Greg Jun Internist at Northwestern Medicine McHenry Hospital.
While the typical weight loss is due to a lifestyle change, a decreased calorie intake, or an increase in physical activity, unexpected weight loss due to none of the above factors can cause something red flags.
"Weight loss that includes other red flag symptoms such as fatigue, fever, altered bowel habits or pain should definitely trigger a call to your family doctor," says Jun.
An unexplained weight loss can come from a variety of basic conditions originate. Here are 6 possible causes of a sudden, rapid weight loss.
) You have a bowel disease.
"Bowel disease generally includes some additional symptoms, such as decreased appetite, nausea or vomiting, flatulence / abdominal pain, or bowel habit," says Cory Fisher, DO, family doctor at the Cleveland Clinic.
Some examples are inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), celiac disease and chronic liver disease. Your doctor may refer you to a gastroenterologist for diagnosis, which usually requires imaging or endoscopy.
2) They have hyperthyroidism.
This is due to an overactive thyroid gland.
"Weight loss is primarily due to an increased metabolic rate and secondarily to increased mobility of the intestine, leading to malabsorption," Jun says as fatigue, sleep changes, irritability and difficulty in regulating body temperature.
"Once hyperthyroidism is diagnosed, there are several approaches to treating the condition that a person may discuss with their family doctor and possibly an endocrinologist," says Jun. "Treatment may include medication, radioactive iodine, or surgery. "
] 3) You have a parasite.
That's scary, but it happens. Two of the most common intestinal parasites are Giardia and Krypto ( Cryptosporidium ).
"Weight loss is usually due to malabsorption and malnutrition because the parasite actually absorbs the nutrients the person eats," he says. "Use good personal hygiene, such as: B. washing hands. And when traveling, be sure to drink clean water and ensure that food in restaurants is handled properly.
The treatment depends on the type of parasite detected, which most likely requires some testing. 19659021] Toxocara canis second stage larvae hatch from eggs "title =" Toxocara canis second stage larvae hatch from eggs "class =" Lazyimage lazyload "data-src =" https://hips.hearstapps.com/hmg-prod. s3. amazonaws.com/images/toxocara-canis-second-stage-larvae-hatch-from-eggs-royalty-free-image-513684282-1553702007.jpg?crop=1xw:1xh;center,top&resize=480: * "/>