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6 causes of sudden, rapid weight loss



With all the statistics you hear about obesity in America, you might consider weight loss as a good thing by nature. However, if weight loss happens quickly and unintentionally, it may indicate a worrying ground state.

What is considered a "faster" weight loss?

"Although we do not often have a widely accepted standardized definition of fast weight loss, we consider a significant, unintentional weight loss as a weight reduction of 5% or more within six to twelve months," Dr. Greg Jun Internist at Northwestern Medicine McHenry Hospital.

While the typical weight loss is due to a lifestyle change, a decreased calorie intake, or an increase in physical activity, unexpected weight loss due to none of the above factors can cause something red flags.

"Weight loss that includes other red flag symptoms such as fatigue, fever, altered bowel habits or pain should definitely trigger a call to your family doctor," says Jun.

An unexplained weight loss can come from a variety of basic conditions originate. Here are 6 possible causes of a sudden, rapid weight loss.

1
) You have a bowel disease.

"Bowel disease generally includes some additional symptoms, such as decreased appetite, nausea or vomiting, flatulence / abdominal pain, or bowel habit," says Cory Fisher, DO, family doctor at the Cleveland Clinic.

Some examples are inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), celiac disease and chronic liver disease. Your doctor may refer you to a gastroenterologist for diagnosis, which usually requires imaging or endoscopy.

  Doctor or physician writes diagnosis and gives female patient a medical prescription

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2) They have hyperthyroidism.

This is due to an overactive thyroid gland.

"Weight loss is primarily due to an increased metabolic rate and secondarily to increased mobility of the intestine, leading to malabsorption," Jun says as fatigue, sleep changes, irritability and difficulty in regulating body temperature.

"Once hyperthyroidism is diagnosed, there are several approaches to treating the condition that a person may discuss with their family doctor and possibly an endocrinologist," says Jun. "Treatment may include medication, radioactive iodine, or surgery. "

] 3) You have a parasite.

That's scary, but it happens. Two of the most common intestinal parasites are Giardia and Krypto ( Cryptosporidium ).

"Weight loss is usually due to malabsorption and malnutrition because the parasite actually absorbs the nutrients the person eats," he says. "Use good personal hygiene, such as: B. washing hands. And when traveling, be sure to drink clean water and ensure that food in restaurants is handled properly.

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4) They have depression.

Early detection and awareness is the key when depression and other psychological conditions (such as anxiety) can cause weight loss. [19659004] Depression can often lead to loss of appetite, "says Jun." Lower calorie intake can lead to weight loss, and there may be concomitant eating disorders. S A person should also be screened for this. "

Treatment often includes a multidisciplinary approach Medication, diet and lifestyle education, counseling and behavioral modification, says Jun.

5) They have diabetes.

"When a person with diabetes has too little insulin "The body can not bring glucose (sugar) out of the blood into cells for energy, which can cause the body to lose fat muscle for energy that may lead to weight loss," says Jun.

Other symptoms of Diabetes includes excessive thirst or urination, sweats, tiredness and numbness.

Your GP may do blood glucose measurements to determine if you have diabetes, especially if you have a family history.

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6) You have cancer.

Yes, the word "C" could be an indicator of these symptoms.

"Cancer can Cause weight loss and not certain cancers. but cancer of many types, "says Fisher.

According to the American Cancer Society, an unexplained weight loss of 10 pounds or more is one of the common symptoms of cancer of the pancreas, stomach, esophagus or lungs.

"Common symptoms that can cause significant weight loss include: increased fatigue, loss of appetite, depression, other gastrointestinal symptoms (abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, indigestion), drowsiness, dyspnoea, changes in urinary habits, Jun says.

You should talk with your doctor about risk factors for cancer, such as smoking, alcohol consumption and your family history.

"If you have a strong relationship with a family doctor and regular annual physical examinations, this helps in screening for and identifying risks and causes early on," says Jun.


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