It's pretty scary that certain seemingly NBD habits can actually damage eye health. Avoidable Eye Wounds are the perfect example of this. Here are some of the most common preventable eye injuries that ophthalmologists wish they could scream from the rooftops.
. 1 If you sleep in your contacts, it can cause part of your eye to break off.
"By far the most common cause of eye injury [is] is that people overly wear their contact lenses," JP Maszczak, OD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Optometry at Ohio State University College of Optometry, tells SELF. This includes the classic contact lens error in which he sleeps.
Obviously, when you sleep, you do not blink. Blinking is important as it helps you spread basal tears across your eye, including your cornea (the clear, protective outer layer of your eye that covers a contact lens), according to the National Eye Institute (19459014) (NEI) , Basal tears keep your eyes nice and moist.
However, when you sleep in contact lenses, you're getting wet with moisture, says Carolyn M. Duong, OD, an ophthalmologist at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, opposite SELF.
(This also applies if your lenses are approved for use overnight, says the American Optometric Association (AOA).)
"When you sleep in your contacts and your eyes can become really dry They tear When you try to remove your contacts, you need to remove some of your cornea, "Dr. Duong. This is especially likely if you have the dry eye which means your eyes will always dry out.
If this type of injury happens to you, you may need antibiotics to prevent infection. Doctor may need to mend the tear on your eye, says Dr. Duong. Just avoid it and pull out your contacts at bedtime.
. 2 If you sleep in your contacts, it can also lead to eye ulcers.
Oh, you thought the fun would stop tearing down part of your eyeball? Sweet. In fact, falling asleep in your contacts (or their improper use, such as improper cleaning) can lead to corneal inflammation, referred to as keratitis as a result of decreased oxygen flow, Dr. Maszczak. If not treated fast enough, the keratitis may develop into a corneal ulcer or a wound on the front of the eye.
As you can imagine, a corneal ulcer does not feel that you eat sweets while you lie in a skin bed of clouds. Pain, excessive rupture, itching, vaginal discharge, blurred or blurred vision, bloodshot eyes, and photosensitivity US. National Library of Medicine says. It is not pretty.
If you develop a corneal ulcer in contacts, your doctor will advise you to stop wearing the glasses until you heal, but you may not need any other treatment, according to the Mayo Clinic . , It depends on whether the original keratitis was caused by overuse or if your contact lens was contaminated with bacteria. In this case, antibacterial eye drops may be required to repel pathogens.
. 3 If you ignore the fact that you have a dry eye, you can leave dry and scratched eyes.
If a more severe dry eye condition is left untreated, small scratch marks on your cornea (Vatinee) may develop Bunya, MD, co-director of the Penn Dry Eye & Ocular Surface Center, versus SELF. These are known as corneal abrasion . You can pass with a dry eye, if your eyes are soaked in moisture and you try to do something simple, eg. B. Take Out Your Contacts, Dr. Bunya. If you treat your dry eye properly with methods such as artificial tears, your well-lubricated eyes are not so prone to this type of injury.
Corneal erosion can cause pain, a pungent sensation in the eye, tears, redness Photosensitivity and headaches, says the Mayo Clinic . Although this type of injury usually heals on its own within a day or two, you should still visit an ophthalmologist to prevent infection and ulcers, says the Mayo Clinic .
. 4 Wearing safety goggles may cause serious eye injury in some situations.
racquetball. Mow the lawn. Install this amazing new shelf that you found on sale. All of these activities (and many more) can make tiny objects fly through the air before they hit your eyeballs.
Therefore, always wear safety goggles (), ideally with side protection you should be able to find some in your local hardware stores) when performing repairs on your home. This is especially true for everything that has to do with nails, drilling or wood or metal work, because … ow.
Activities such as mowing the lawn also require goggles, as well as sports where balls or other objects fly in the face. (You should look for special eyewear made for the sport in question.) If you wear strange goggles on the tennis court, just pretend that you are starting a new trend. Hair ties are back in style. Anything is possible.
. 5 If you do not wear sunglasses, there is a risk of sunburn on your eyeballs.
Your eyes, like your skin may get sunburned if exposed to too much sunlight. This is called ultraviolet keratitis and can damage the cornea and conjunctiva (the clear, thin membrane that covers part of the anterior surface of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids), according to Cleveland Clinic . , This is not just a concern in summer, says dr. Duong. Even when it is cloudy or overcast, glare from snow, ice, sand and water can burn your eyes.
This can cause symptoms such as burning eyes, blurred vision swelling, and even temporarily lead to vision loss according to the Cleveland Clinic . Fortunately, your eyes should heal by themselves if this happens to you, although self-care methods like taking a cold washcloth over your eyes and taking pain can help in the meantime, says the Cleveland Clinic . If you are still experiencing pain or low vision after two days, see your doctor to make sure you are not infected.
To avoid ultraviolet keratitis, you should wear sunglasses when you go outside to block or absorb 99 to 100 percent of UV light, says Cleveland Clinic . Ideally, they wrap around or have side walls for full protection. If you feel like giving up, remember that it may be difficult for your regular appointment to get the ophthalmologist to the ophthalmologist. Noise there, because your eyes get sunburned, it will not be better.