If you have symptoms of frostbite, it is as if your body is panning a red flag for your skin and possibly even the underlying tissue. Frostbite can damage these areas in the long term if they are not treated fast enough. However, if you do not know what to look for, it may be easy to avoid some light frostbite if you are outdoors at temperatures below . What you should know about chilblains, including the key signs of this condition – and how to take action if you notice them.
Frostbite occurs when your skin literally freezes.
In some cases, the underlying tissues may also freeze. Your skin and everything in it is not meant to freeze, so, as you might expect, severe frostbite has the potential to damage your body, according to the Mayo Clinic . Serious cases of frostbite can lead to problems such as permanent numbness in the affected area, joint problems, nerve damage, gangrene (when your tissue decomposes and eventually dies due to lack of blood flow), the life-threatening condition hypothermia (if your body temperature is below 95 Degrees Fahrenheit drops) and more.
According to the Mayo Clinic frostbites are most common on parts of the body such as the fingers, toes, nose,  ears cheeks and chin. Since you probably do not walk around in a whole-body buffer that completely protects you from the elements, these are the areas most likely to be exposed. With that statement, frostbite can affect the skin all over your body when you catch a cold, says Nicholas Kman, an emergency medical doctor at Ohio State University's Wexner Medical Center.
The symptoms of frostbite may be surprisingly subtle at first
One would think it would be really obvious if the skin and the various tissues underneath were frozen. However, refreshment symptoms may fly under the radar especially after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This is because numbness is one of the earliest signs of frostbite, making it difficult to detect anything wrong with the affected part of the body. Here is the complete list of the symptoms of the symptoms that should be considered in the Mayo Clinic :
1. Cold skin
2. A prickly sensation
4. A red, white, blue-white or gray-yellow hue on your skin
5. Heat that returns to your skin, even if the cold persists
6. Skin that feels hard or waxy
7. Joint and muscle stiffness so bad that you become awkward
8. Spotty skin when warming up
9. Pain, stinging, burning or swelling during warm-up
10. Extreme frostbite can cause blistering during warm-up
11. Skin that becomes hard and black
The symptoms of frostbite actually develop in three stages.
It is important to know the frostbite so you can get into a warm environment as soon as you experience trouble brewing, but you also know what kind of medical care you are looking for based on the degree of frostbite you have seem to be.
Frostnip : The most important thing to remember is that Frostpick is reversible and does not permanently damage your skin . Joshua Zeichner MD, a New York City-based dermatologist and director of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Medical Center, reported on SELF. But it is still not pleasant.
This mild form of frostbite occurs when the skin becomes too cold but is not frozen. Frostnip Symptoms include the exposed part of the body, which feels extremely cold, reddened skin, and numbness. This happens as part of your body's natural reaction to the cold which serves to narrow blood vessels in your skin and shift blood to your core, keeping your body temperature in a safe place.
When your skin starts to heat If the frostpick heats up after some time, you may feel pain and tingling. This can be uncomfortable, but is expected when the bloodstream returns to these areas.
Superficial frostbite : There are no strict rules on how long it can take for superficial frostbite to set in for refreshment. It depends on how cold it is outside and how long your skin has been exposed. Kman. "In extreme temperatures, the frost-break can cause frostbite in a matter of minutes," he explains.
Superficial frostbite can make your skin flush or paler than usual, says the Mayo Clinic . Your skin may feel surprisingly warm even when it is still exposed to the cold. This can put you in the wrong sense of security when you're alright. But it is just the opposite. If your skin is damaged by frostbite, capillaries (thin blood vessels) may burst and leak, says dr. Kman. "Blood rushes in and it comes to inflammation," he says. "That creates warmth, but that's not healthy."
If you rehabilitate superficially frozen skin, it may look strangely spotty due to the broken capillaries instead of returning to their usual color. You may also be concerned with stinging, burning, and swelling, as well as blisters that inflate 12 to 36 hours after warming up, says Mayo Clinic .
Deep frostbite : If frostbite goes beyond the superficial stage, which means that it is able to affect all layers of your skin and underlying tissues, according to the Mayo Clinic .
White, blue-gray, or gray-yellow color, and it can become so numb that you lose all feeling in the environment, including the cold or pain. When the cold enters your joints and muscles, they may not work properly, so you may experience awkwardness. You can also develop blisters that form between 24 and 48 hours after the skin warms up, says the Mayo Clinic . After that, the area can turn black and hard as a sign that your skin and possibly other tissues are dying. Deep frostbite is a serious medical emergency, and if you think you have it, you should seek help immediately.
You may be able to treat the symptoms of frostnip and light frostbite at home.
If you have Frostpeak or are very mild For a superficial frostbite, DIY treatment may be sufficient depending on your circumstances. You should still be ready to seek medical help if it looks as though your "minor" case of frostbite is actually more intricate.
If you treat yourself Frostnip or a minor case of superficial frostbite, this is the case American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recommends trying to gradually restore the feel of the skin by putting it under warm Put water or a warm washcloth on the area. Do not use hot water (first test it with an unaffected area of your body) and do not rub your skin the way you would normally warm it, says Dr. Kman. Both can cause burns and cause further injuries. Do not place the cold body part in front of a heater or any other form of dry heat as it may cause burns.
There are some ways to reduce stinging, burning, and other forms of discomfort that may be associated with the Mayo Clinic rewarming process. You can take an over-the-counter, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen. Applying aloe vera gel or a lotion to the frozen part of the body can also help reduce the benefit.
If action at home does not help, find an emergency doctor.
If you do not experience any sensations after half an hour When you warm your skin up, you have a lot of pain, your skin starts to turn gray or black, or you develop blisters, it's time to go to the emergency department go. All this means a higher degree of frostbite.
Once you receive treatment, a doctor will examine you to see how high your frostbite is. This may be an X-ray, bone scan or MRI to find out if bones or muscles are affected, says the Mayo Clinic . Your doctor may try to warm your skin up with methods like warm water.
Unfortunately, the rewarming process can be very, very painful in case of extensive frostbite, Dr. Kman. Your doctor should give you some form of pain relief, like an NSAID, though Dr. Kman points out that sometimes stronger medications such as opioids are recommended, depending on the degree of frostbite a person has.
Once your skin and the underlying tissues have thawed your doctor will probably want to start working to protect them. You could do this by loosely wrapping the area with sterile covers or lifting the part of the body in question to reduce the swelling, says the Mayo Clinic .
In some cases, that's all you need to treat frostbite. In more extensive cases, your doctor may need to remove dead tissue in some way, be it by whirlpool therapy (which cuts off dead skin), surgery or amputation, Mayo Clinic . Skin removal usually takes one to three months after freezing, leaving the doctor with more time to determine how much skin and tissue has actually died. You may also need oral antibiotics if your skin appears to be infected, or injections of drugs that break up blood clots to increase blood flow and, at best, reduce the risk of amputation, Mayo Clinic .
Preventing refreshment symptoms is easier than treating.
Although it is possible to develop frostbite in masked skin, this usually happens in skin exposed to harsh winter elements, Dr. Signatory. Here is the guide of SELF for protection in cold weather with some key highlights for you below:
- Dress in layers. At temperatures below freezing, a layer simply does not cut. no matter how thick and comfortable this layer may be. You should wear moisture wicking, insulating and windproof / waterproof layers. Surprisingly, loose, light layers are better than dense layers, which can make you more susceptible to frostbite, as they may affect the circulation .
- Protect your feet and toes by wearing two pairs of socks and waterproof winter boots. Your goal is to prevent you from getting wet, insulating heat and protecting yourself from the wind, but do not make your boots so tight that they could interfere with your circulation.
- Cover head and face with a cap and a scarf. Do not forget your ears and nose, which are among the most frostbitten parts of the body.
- Protect your hands with insulated gloves or gloves.
- Stay well hydrated . Dehydration increases the risk of frostbite, since limits heat release in the body .
- In icy winter weather you should not spend more time than you need . Dr. Kman puts it in a nutshell: "If you do not have to be outside in extreme cold, then not."